Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 5 Issue 1

Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis and Its Economical Loss Due to Liver Condemnation at Bishoftu Municipal Abattior, Ethiopia

Atinafu Regasa* and Girma Chalchisa

Department of Parasitology, Pathology and Veterinary Public Health, Samara University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Atinafu Regasa, Department of Parasitology, Pathology and Veterinary Public Health, Samara University College of Veterinary Medicine, Ethiopia.

Received: October 17, 2022; Published: Decemeber 08, 2022


Fasciolosis is a major parasitic disease that constraints the livestock production and cause great economic loss due to liver condemnation caused by fasciolosis in abattoirs. A cross sectional study was conducted from March 2022 to August 2022 to determine the prevalence of liver fluke of cattle which were presented for slaughtered at Bishoftu municipal abattoir and to assess the direct economic loss due to liver condemnation caused by fasciolosis at this abattoir. The study was based on post-mortem inspection of livers of slaughtered animals at Bishoftu municipal abattoirs. Out of 384 examined cattle livers, 85 (22.1%) were found to be positive for fasciolosis. From of the total 85 (22.1%) fasciola positive liver, the prevalence of Fasciola hepatica was 15.88% and Fasciola gigantica was 6.25%. However, the difference was not statically significant (P > 0.05). There was significant association among different body conditions for the prevalence of bovine fasciolosis with the highest prevalence in poor body condition group was higher (27.4%) than the animals with medium body condition (25.8%) and good body condition (14.4%. The prevalence of bovine Fasciolosis based on breed, age and origin were statically insignificant (P > 0.05) though higher in local breed (22.5%) than cross breed (16.7%) and exotic breed (0%) as well as higher in adult (24.2%) than old (20.3%) and higher in Hararghe (34.4%) followed by Arsi (25.6%), Bale (18.9%), Adama (17.2%) and lower in Modjo (17.0%). The total annual economic loss of abattoir due to liver condemnation which resulted in, 541,450 ETB. The present study confirmed that bovine fasciolosis was found prevalent and affecting the health and productivity of animals as well as causing direct economical loss in study area. Control of intermediate host snail by biological control or chemical (molluscides), strategic anthelmintic treatment or management practice such as draining, fencing, proper watering and zero grazing in the area which animal come from is recommended.

Keywords: Abattoir; Bishoftu; Bovine; Fasciola; Financial loss; Prevalence


  1. CSA (Central Statistical Agency). “Report on livestock and livestock characteristics”. Vol II, Statistical Bulletin (2020).
  2. Central Statistical Agency (CSA). “Agricultural Sample Survey, Report on Livestock and livestock characteristics (Private peasant holdings)”. Statistical Bulletin 2 (2017): 585.
  3. Asmare K., et al. “Gastrointestinal nematode infection in small ruminants in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis”. Acta Tropica 160 (2016): 68-77.
  4. Regassa F., et al. “Study on the prevalence of cystic hydatidosis and its economic significance in cattle slaughtered at Hawassa municipal abattoir, Ethiopia”. Tropical Animal Health and Production 42.5 (2010): 977-984.
  5. Ramajo VA., et al. “Vaccination of sheep against Fasciola hepatica with homologous fatty acid binding proteins”. Veterinary Parasitology 97.1 (2001): 35-46.
  6. Dietrich CF., et al. “Gastroenterol” 53 (2015): 285-290.
  7. Okewole EA., et al. “Clinical evaluation of three chemo prophylactic regimes against ovine heliminthosis in a Fasciola endemic farm in India, Nigeria, Israel”. Journal of Veterinary Medicine 561 (2000): 15-28.
  8. Mas-Coma S and Bargues MD. “Human liver flukes: A Review”. The Journal Parasitology 57 (1997): 145-218.
  9. Wamae LW., et al. “Comparison of the production losses caused by chronic F. gigantica infection in yearling Friesian and Boran cattle”. Tropical Animal Health and Production 30 (1998): 23-30.
  10. Urquhart GM., et al. “Veterinary parasitology”. 2nd edition. Oxford, Long man scientific and technical press, UK (1996): 100-109.
  11. Biniam T., et al. “Study on coprological prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in and around Woreta, Northwestern Ethiopia”. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 4 (2012): 89-92.
  12. Mekonnen M., et al. “Study on prevalence of bovine fasciolosis and its economic impact at sheno municipal abattoir, north shewa, Ethiopia”. Ethiopian Journal of Veterinary Science and Animal Production 5.1 (2017): 1-5.
  13. Shiferaw M., et al. “Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis and its Economic Significance in and Around Assela, Ethiopia". Global Journal of Medical Research 11.3 (2011): 11-17.
  14. Assefa NZ and Meselu AA. “Prevalence, Risk Factors and Economic Losses Associated with Bovine Fasciolosis in Elfora Debreziet Export Abattoir, Debreziet, Ethiopia”. European Journal of Biological Sciences 11.4 (2019): 114-120.
  15. CSA (Central statistical Authority). “Agricultural sample survey 2014/15 (2007E.C)”. Volume II, report on livestock and livestock characteristics (2015).
  16. ESGPIP. “Body condition scoring of sheep and goat in Ethiopia”. ESGPIP (2000).
  17. Thrusfield M. “Veterinary Epidemiology” 3rd edition. Blackwell Synergy published Company      UK (2005): 228-238.
  18. Nicholson M and Butterworth M. “A guide to condition scoring of zebu cattle”. ILCA, Addis Ababa Ethiopia (1986): 212-235.
  19. Ogurinide A and Ogurinide I. “Economic importance of bovine fasciolosis in Nigeria”. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 12.3 (1980): 155-160.
  20. Urquhart GJ., et al. “Veterinary Parasitology”. 2nd edition. Singapore; Longmann.
  21. Gracey JF., et al. “Meat Hygiene, London”. Bailliere Tindall 10 (1999): 223-289.
  22. Petros, A., et al. “Prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in Nekemte Municipal Abattoir”. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 5 (2013): 202-205.
  23. Afera B. “Prevalence of bovine fasciolosis in municipal Abbatoir of Adigrat, Tigray, Ethiopia (2012).
  24. Asmare K., et al. “Gastrointestinal nematode infection in small ruminants in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis”. Acta Tropica 160 (2016): 68-77.
  25. Berhe G., et al. “Prevalence and economic significance of fasciolosis in cattle in Mekelle Area of Ethiopia”. Tropical Animal Health and Production 41 (2009): 1503- 1504.
  26. Yusuf M., et al. “Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis in Municipal, Abattoir of Haramaya, Ethiopia”. Food Science and Quality Management 48 (2016): 38-43.
  27. Belay E., et al. “Prevalence and Economic Losses of Bovine Fasciolosis in Dessie Municipal Abattoir, South Wollo Zone, Ethiopia”. European Journal of Biological Sciences 4 (2012): 53-59.
  28. Rahmeto AA., et al. “Fasciolosis, Prevalence, Financial losses due to Liver Condemnation and Evaluation of a Simple Sedimentation Diagnostic Technique in Cattle Slaughtered at Hawassa Municipal abattoir southern Ethiopia”. Ethiopian Veterinary Journal 4 (2010): 39-51.
  29. Birhane M. “Bovine Fasciolosis, in animals slaughtered at Hawassa municipality         Abattoir: coprology, Abattoir survey and Economic loss Assessment due to liver condemnation". DVM Thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia (2008).
  30. Pfukenyi, D., et al. “A Retrospective Study of the Prevalence and Seasonal Variation of Fasciola gigantica in Cattle Slaughtered in the Major Abattoirs of Zimbabwe between 1990 and 1999”. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 71 (2004): 181-187
  31. Tolosa T and Tigre W. “The prevalence and economic significance of Bovine fasciolosis at JimmaAbattoir, Ethiopia”. The Internet Journal of Veterinary Medicine 3.2 (2007).
  32. Moges E. “A study on bovine fasciolosis and hydatidosis at Jimma abattoir”. DVM Thesis, Addis Ababa University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Deber Zeit, Ethiopia (2003).
  33. Yilma JM and Mesfin A. “Dry Season Bovine Fasciolosis in Northwestern Part of         Ethiopia”. Revue de Medecine Veterinaire 151 (2000): 493-500.
  34. Manyazewal AZ., et al. “Economic Significance of Fasciolosis at Mettu Municipal Abattoir, Southwest, and Ethiopia”. Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research 4 (2014): 53-59.
  35. Phiri AM., et al. “Prevalence of Fasciolosis in Zambian Cattle Observed at Selected Abattoirs with Emphasis on Age, Sex and Origin”. Journal of Veterinary Medicine 52 (2005): 414-416.
  36. Keyyu JD., et al. “Crosssectional prevalence of helminth infections in cattle on traditional, small-scale and large-scale dairy farms in Iringa District, Tanzania”. Veterinary Research Communications 30 (2006): 45-55.
  37. Abunna FL., et al. “Bovine Fasciolosis, Coprological, abattoir Survey and its Economic Impact due to Liver Condemnation at Soddo Municipal Abattoir, Southern Ethiopia”. Tropical Animal Health Production 42 (2009): 289-292.
  38. Mihreteab BT., et al. “Bovine Fasciolosis, Prevalence and its Economic lose due to Liver Condemnation at Adwa Municipal Abattoir, North         Ethiopia”. Ethiopian Journal of Applied Science and Technology 1 (2010): 39-47.
  39. Daniel F. “Economic importance of Organs Condemnation due to Fasciolosis and Hydatidosis in Cattle and Sheep Slaughtered at Dire Dawa Abattoir, DVM thesis, Faculty of Veterinary   Medicine, Addis Ababa University Debre Zeit, Ethiopia (1995).
  40. Debela A., et al. “Study on the Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis at Aira and Gulliso District, Western Wollega Zone, Oromia Regional State, Western Ethiopia”. African Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 6 (2014): 37-42.
  41. Afrakhosravi EB. “Epidemiology of Fasciola hepatica in Iran”. International Journal of Biology 4 (2011): 87.
  42. Yilma J and Malone JA. “Geographic information system forecast model for strategic control of fasciolosis in Ethiopia”. Veterinary Parasitology 78 (1998): 103-127.
  43. Alula P., et al. “Prevalence and economic significance of bovine fasciolosis in nekemte municipal abattoir”. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 5.8 (2013): 202-205.


Citation: Atinafu Regasa and Girma Chalchisa. “Prevalence of Bovine Fasciolosis and Its Economical Loss Due to Liver Condemnation at Bishoftu Municipal Abattior, Ethiopia".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.1 (2023): 27-34.


Copyright: © 2022 Atinafu Regasa and Girma Chalchisa. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US