Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 5 Issue 1

Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia: Review

Daba Gudata Chala*

Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Daba Gudata Chala, Jimma University College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma, Ethiopia.

Received: July 26, 2022; Published: December 09, 2022

Abstract

Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia is a highly contagious chronic respiratory disease of cattle caused by Mycoplasma mycoides sub-species mycoides small colony. The disease is characterized by a relatively long incubation period and a highly variable clinical course. Recovered animals may harbor the infection in lung sequestra; necrotic areas of lung tissue separated from the surrounding normal tissue by a fibrous capsule. Contagious bovine Pleuropneumonia is current disease of major concern throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. The principal route of infection is by the inhalation of infective droplets from animals active or carrier cases of the disease. Important pathogenicity factors in Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony are capsular polysaccharide, hydrogen-peroxide and variable surface protein. It is manifested by anorexia, fever and respiratory signs such as dyspnoea, polypnea, cough and nasal discharges. Diagnosis depends on the isolation of an etiological agent. The common methods used for the diagnosis of the disease are complement fixation test and enzyme linked immune sorbent assays. It is considered to be a disease of economic importance. Commonly used antibiotics include tetracycline, tylosin, erythromycin, lincomycin, spectinomycin and tilmicosin. The main problems for control or eradication are the uncontrolled movements of animals and the frequent occurrence of sub-acute or sub-clinical infections and the persistence of chronic carriers after the clinical phase. Therefore, adequate control strategic measures should be implemented for eradication of the disease such as test and slaughter, stamping out, quarantine and vaccination.

Keywords: Cattle; Contagious bovine Pleuropneumonia; Mycoplasma mycoides subspecies mycoides small colony; Sub-Saharan Africa

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Citation

Citation: Daba Gudata Chala., et al. “Contagious Bovine Pleuropneumonia: Review".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 5.1 (2023): 35-48.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2023 Daba Gudata Chala., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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