Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 12

Layer Male Chicken Farming: Characteristics and Net Income in west Lombok, Indonesia

Budi Indarsih* and Muhammad Hasil Tamzil

Faculty of Animal Science, Mataram University, Lombok, NTB, Indonesia

*Corresponding Author: Budi Indarsih, Faculty of Animal Science, Mataram University, Lombok, NTB, Indonesia.

Received: September 12, 2022; Published: November 07, 2022


Objective: Layer male chicken is considered as an important source of income for the rural livelihoods or household incomes. This study was conducted to assess the characteristics and current net income of layer male chicken farming in West Lombok, Indonesia during the period from June to August 2022.

Material and Methods:A total of 40 layer male farmers were visited and interviewed using structured questioner. Data were collected from individual growers involved in three different sizes of farm operations. Information relating to socio-economic, rearing practices, credit availability, marketing and emerging problems was collected.

Results: The farming practices were almost similar to the intensive system of broiler production and offered new employment opportunities for young people with less education. No antibiotic use was reported in commercial diet fed the chickens. The average live weight at marketing age (between 30 to 40 days) was approximately from 366 to 442 g. The average mortality of chicks was 5, 3 and 3% for small, medium and large farms respectively. The price of live chickens in the local market was relatively steady. The average rearing was 9.7 batch/year. Net income per bird was IDR 4,172 (USD 0.288); IDR 2,655 (USD 0.183) and IDR 2,286 (USD 0.158) in small, medium and large farm respectively whilst benefit cost ratios of 1.86; 1.43 and 1.35 were for small, medium and large farms. In the retails chain in the local market, women had the advantages of dressed meat and fresh visceral parts for increasing their income.

Conclusions: Layer male chicken in poultry production system resembled the broiler production system. The market price was steadier than broilers.

Keywords: Broiler Production; Commercial Diet; Rearing Cycle; Local Market


  1. NTB ONE DATA. Populasi-ayam-buras-di-ntb-menurut-kabupaten-kota (Population-of-range-chicken-in-ntb-by-district-city) (2020).
  2. Damme K., et al. “Economics of dual-purpose breeds - a comparison of meat and egg production using dual purpose breeds versus conventional broiler and layer strains”. Lohmann Information2 (2015): 4-9.
  3. FAO (Food Agriculture Organization). “Indonesia Raising Awareness on Antimicrobial Resistance” (2017).
  4. Dutta RK., et al. “Production performance of indigenous chicken (Gallus domesticus L.) in some selected areas of Rajshahi, Bangladesh”. American Journal of Experimental Agriculture 3 (2013): 308-323.
  5. Mbuza F., et al. “Characterization of broiler poultry production system in Rwanda”. Tropical Animal Health Production1 (2017): 71-77.
  6. United States Agency for International Development. Indonesia’s Poultry Value Chain. Costs, margins, price and other issues (2013).
  7. Abdurofi I., et al. “Economic analysis of broiler production in Peninsular Malaysia”. International Food Research Journal 24 (2017): 761-766.
  8. Bwalya R. “An analysis of the value chain for indigenous chickens in Zambia’s Lusaka and Central Provinces”. Journal of Agricultural Studies 2 (2014): 32-51.
  9. BPS (Badan Pusat Statistik Nusa Tenggara Barat). “Populasi Unggas Menurut Kabupaten/kota dan Jenis Unggas di Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Barat”. Or CBS (Central Bureau of Statistics) (Poultry population by regency/city and poultry types in West Nusa Tenggara Province (2015).
  10. Indarsih B and W Suryatman. “Performance of integrated contract and independent broiler production in East Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara”. Journal of the Indonesian Tropical of Animal Agriculture 37 (2012): 50-58.
  11. Islam R., et al. “Analysis of benefit-cost (B:C) ratio of Vanaraja and local chicken of Assam under backyard system of rearing”. Journal of Research in Agriculture and Animal Science 3 (2015): 07-10.
  12. , et al. “Comparative analysis of profitability of layers production in Esan Northeast and Ovia Northeast local government areas of Edo State, Nigeria”. Journal of Applied Science and Environmental Management 18.1 (2014): 121-126.
  13. Zuberu DK., et al. “Economic appraisal of small and medium scale performance in poultry egg production in Ogun State, Nigeria”. International Journal of Agricultural Economics and Extension 3 (2015): 158-161.
  14. Yusuf TM., et al. “Financial analysis of poultry production in Kwara State, Nigeria”. African Journal of Agriculture Research 11 (2016): 718-723.
  15. Ifeanyichukwu US., et al. “Economics of broiler production among rural women in Ahiazu Mbaise L.G.A of Imo State, Nigeria”. Asian Research Journal of Agriculture 1 (2016): 1-8.
  16. Osti R., et al. “An economic analysis of poultry egg production in Nepal”. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 15 (2016): 715-724.
  17. Mendes AS., et al. “Factors that impact the financial performance of broiler production in southern states of Paraná, Brazil”. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science 16 (2014): 113-120.
  18. Queenan K., et al. “An appraisal of the indigenous chicken market in Tanzania and Zambia. Are the markets ready for improved outputs from village production systems?” Livestock Research for Rural Development 28 (2016): 185.
  19. Food Agriculture Organization. “Smallholder poultry production-livelihoods, food security and sociocultural significance”. by K. N. Kryger, K. A. Thomsen, M. A. Whyte and M. Dissing. FAO Smallholder Poultry Production. Paper No. 4. Rome. FAO. (2010).
  20. Mohsin AQ., et al. “Profitability analysis of broiler production in Rawalpindi district”. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Sciences 45 (2008): 514-518.
  21. Njuguna CK., et al. “Economic analysis of indigenous chicken production: The case of smallholder farmers in Makueni and Kakamega Counties, Kenya”. International Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development5 (2017): 564-570.


Citation: Budi Indarsih., et al. “Layer Male Chicken Farming: Characteristics and Net Income in west Lombok, Indonesia". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.12 (2022): 25-32.


Copyright: © 2022 Budi Indarsih., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US