R Sh Ibrahimova*
The Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Republic; Str. A. Abbaszadeh, Azerbaijan
*Corresponding Author: R Sh Ibrahimova, The Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Republic; Str. A. Abbaszadeh, Azerbaijan.
Received: October 03, 2022; Published: November 12, 2022
The domestic carnivores (stray dogs, domestic cats) have a significant role in the transmission of helminths, dangerous to humans and domestic animals, from natural and mixed hotbeds to synanthropic one, and in the creation and permanent maintenance of strong parasitic hotbeds. Due to the favorable conditions in the various areas, the density of the animals increases which makes animals more vulnerable to certain types of the helminths and infect one another repeatedly. As a result of the repeated infections, a constant interchange goes on among animals, so that a source of the infection always remains in the areas and natural “parasitic hotbeds” are formed. Existence of a parasitic hotbed in nature is too periolous as it is likely to infect humans and domestic animals. For degree of hazard, 13 species (D. latum, D. caninum, E. granulosus, T. hydatigena, M. multiceps, A. multilocularis, Tr. spiralis, D. repens, A. caninum, U. stenosephala, T. leonina, T. canis, T. mystax) of the helminthiasis found in the domestic carnivores were included in the group of the principal helminthiasis infectors whereas the helminthiases they infect were classified as principal helminthiases (diphyllobotriosis, dipilidiosis, exinococcosis, cysticercosis, senurosis, alveococcosis, trichinellosis, dirophiliariosis, ancylostomatosis, unsinariosis, toxocarosis). GIS map zone prevalance of the helminthiosis infectors in the territory of Azerbaijan have been designed by comparative geographical method, and parasitic hotbeds of the principal helminthiosis infectors of the domestic carnivores. As per the prevalence rate of the principal helminthiasis infectors in the regions and GIS mapping of their parasitic hotbeds, it was found out that, some helminthiasis infectors created single hotbed whereas some made mixed ones on a local scale. The study of the effects of each of the factors contributing to the formation of the parasitic hotbeds and GIS mapping of such hotbeds have been of practical importance and are relevant to the modern age. As a result of long-term parasitological studies, it was found out that, the domestic carnivores, their intermediary hosts and anthropogeneous factors have a considerable effect on creation and spread of the natural, synanthropic and mixed parasitic hotbeds of hazardous helminthes in the regions.
Keywords: Stray Dogs, Domestic Cats, Pathogenic Helminths, Parasitic Hotbeds, Extensivity, Gıs Maps
Citation: Aditya Sharma., et al. “The Parasitic Hotbeds of the Main Helminths of the Domestic Carnivores and theır Gıs Mapping in the Territory of Azerbaijan". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.12 (2022): .
Copyright: © 2022 Aditya Sharma., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.