Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 12

The Parasitic Hotbeds of the Main Helminths of the Domestic Carnivores and their Gis Mapping ın the Territory of Azerbaijan

R Sh Ibrahimova*

The Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Republic; Str. A. Abbaszadeh, Azerbaijan

*Corresponding Author: R Sh Ibrahimova, The Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan Republic; Str. A. Abbaszadeh, Azerbaijan.

Received: October 03, 2022; Published: November 12, 2022

Abstract

The domestic carnivores (stray dogs, domestic cats) have a significant role in the transmission of helminths, dangerous to humans and domestic animals, from natural and mixed hotbeds to synanthropic one, and in the creation and permanent maintenance of strong parasitic hotbeds. Due to the favorable conditions in the various areas, the density of the animals increases which makes animals more vulnerable to certain types of the helminths and infect one another repeatedly. As a result of the repeated infections, a constant interchange goes on among animals, so that a source of the infection always remains in the areas and natural “parasitic hotbeds” are formed. Existence of a parasitic hotbed in nature is too periolous as it is likely to infect humans and domestic animals. For degree of hazard, 13 species (D. latum, D. caninum, E. granulosus, T. hydatigena, M. multiceps, A. multilocularis, Tr. spiralis, D. repens, A. caninum, U. stenosephala, T. leonina, T. canis, T. mystax) of the helminthiasis found in the domestic carnivores were included in the group of the principal helminthiasis infectors whereas the helminthiases they infect were classified as principal helminthiases (diphyllobotriosis, dipilidiosis, exinococcosis, cysticercosis, senurosis, alveococcosis, trichinellosis, dirophiliariosis, ancylostomatosis, unsinariosis, toxocarosis). GIS map zone prevalance of the helminthiosis infectors in the territory of Azerbaijan have been designed by comparative geographical method, and parasitic hotbeds of the principal helminthiosis infectors of the domestic carnivores. As per the prevalence rate of the principal helminthiasis infectors in the regions and GIS mapping of their parasitic hotbeds, it was found out that, some helminthiasis infectors created single hotbed whereas some made mixed ones on a local scale. The study of the effects of each of the factors contributing to the formation of the parasitic hotbeds and GIS mapping of such hotbeds have been of practical importance and are relevant to the modern age. As a result of long-term parasitological studies, it was found out that, the domestic carnivores, their intermediary hosts and anthropogeneous factors have a considerable effect on creation and spread of the natural, synanthropic and mixed parasitic hotbeds of hazardous helminthes in the regions.

Keywords: Stray Dogs, Domestic Cats, Pathogenic Helminths, Parasitic Hotbeds, Extensivity, Gıs Maps

References

  1. Sadigov IA. “On hotbeds of the principal helminthioses of the human and domestic animals”. News of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, series of the nature sciences 1 (1999): 38-42.
  2. Asadov SM and Ismailov GD. “The role of the dogs in the cycle of the natural-hotbed helminths in Azerbaijan”. Reports of AN SSSR 2 (1972): 70-72.
  3. Fataliyev GH and Ibrahimova RSh. “The natural and synanthrope hotbeds of the helminthiosis infectors of the wild and omnivorous animals”. News of the Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences 66.3 (2011): 132-136.
  4. Boev SN. “The natural hotbeds of the helminthiosis”. News of the Kazakhystan National Academy of Sciences 6 (1970): 46-49.
  5. Vagin Nf and Malisheva NS. “Trichinella spiralis in the natural and synanthrope hotbeds of Kursk province”. Russian Parasitological Journal 2 (2010); 33-36.
  6. Galuzo IG., et al. “The problem of the natural hotbeds of the diseases”. Alma-Ata (1968): 6-14.
  7. Romashov V. “The natural hotbed helminthioses in the Natural Chernozemye (Province of Boronedz)”. Materials of Russian congress of society of parasitology Saint-Petersburg (2008): 96-100.
  8. Uspenskiy AV. “The formation and functioning of the natural hotbeds of Trichinella spiralis”. Russian Journal on Parasitology 1 (2007): 41-45.
  9. Sheykina EE and Sergiev VP. “The features of the formation of the synanthrope hotbeds of the dirophiliariosis in Russia”. The Medical Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases 4 (2009): 9-11.
  10. Ibrahimova “The bioecological features of the spread of the principal helminthiosis infectors of the domestic carnivores”. News of the Nakhchivan department of Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences, series of the nature and technical sciences, Nakhchivan “Tusi” 14.4 (2018): 222-227.
  11. Mehdiyev Ash and Ismayilov AI. “Geographycal information systems”. Baku (2011): 232.

Citation

Citation: Aditya Sharma., et al. “The Parasitic Hotbeds of the Main Helminths of the Domestic Carnivores and theır Gıs Mapping in the Territory of Azerbaijan". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.12 (2022): .

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Aditya Sharma., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 30th, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue".
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US