Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 11

Zika virus: A Public Health Emergency?

Aditya Sharma1*, Sheikh Uzma Farooq2 and Varun Khajuria3

1Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Pathology, KCVAS Amritsar, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, KCVAS Amritsar, India
3Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Parasitology, KCVAS Amritsar, India

*Corresponding Author: Aditya Sharma, Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Pathology, KCVAS Amritsar, India..

Received: October 26, 2022; Published: October 31, 2022

Abstract

Zika virus was first isolated from African zika forest from monkey. It belongs to genus flavivirus. It is a vector borne disease mainly spread by aedes mosquitoes. Previously, it had sporadic outbreaks but due to its spread to new geographical areas, urbanization, it is now an emerging infectious epidemic disease. It is characterized by influenza-like illness but severe manifestations like microcephaly in babies born to infected mothers have been reported. It has horizontal as well as vertical transmission. Reports of virus spread through blood transfusion, asymptomatic sexual partners and intra uterine transmission have been reported. No treatment or a vaccine is have been found for Zika virus. Hence primarily focus is on preventing infection particularly in vulnerable pregnant women.

Keywords: Zika virus; Monkey; Aedes Mosquito; Microcephaly; Epidemic; Urbinization

References

  1. Besnard M., et al. “Evidence of perinatal transmission of Zika virus, French Polynesia, December 2013 and February 2014”. Euro Surveillance 19 (2014): 20751.
  2. Boorman JP and Porterfield JS. “A simple technique for infection of mosquitoes with viruses; transmission of Zika virus”. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 50 (1956): 238-242.
  3. Ioos S., et al. “Current Zika virus epidemiology and recent epidemics”. Médecine et Maladies Infectieuses 44 (2014): 302-307.
  4. Musso D., et al. “Potential for Zika virus transmission through blood transfusion demonstrated during an outbreak in French Polynesia, November 2013 to February 2014”. Euro Surveillance 19 (2014): 20761.
  5. Oliveira Melo A S., et al. “Zika virus intrauterine infection causes fetal brain abnormality and microcephaly: tip of the iceberg”. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology 47 (2016): 6-7.

Citation

Citation: Aditya Sharma., et al. “Zika virus: A Public Health Emergency?".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.11 (2022): 187-188.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Aditya Sharma et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

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