Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 11

External Otitis Associated with Atopy Disease in Dogs: A Case-Control Study

Shohreh Alian Samakkhah1, Mohammad Asadi Iraee2*, Mohsen Peysokhan2, Ali Zareh2, Yasaman Daneshvar3, Amirhossein Entezari4, Shabnam Aminoleslami Oskoui4, Helia Aziziha4, Alireza Farkhakfar4 and Mohadeseh Ghazalcheh Khamsiyan5

1Department of Food Hygiene, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Amol University of Special Modern Technologies (AUSMT), Ahvaz, Iran
2Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran
3Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
4Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine,Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
5Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, Iran

*Corresponding Author:Mohammad Asadi Iraee, Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran.

Received: October 17, 2022; Published: October 20, 2022


Skin is an organ of living beings afflicted with various disorders such as atopic disease. Atopic disease results from an excess of immunoglobulin E produced due to excessive exposure to non-harmful environmental allergens that affect the skin of various organs, including the ear, leading to external otitis. During this case-control study, 50 dogs referred to clinics in Mazandaran province in Iran with symptoms of atopic otitis were the case group, and 50 dogs with healthy ears were considered the control group. The diagnosis was derived from the clinical findings of the case group, which included itchy skin, redness in the pubic and abdominal area, and ear swelling. The results indicated that 66% of dogs with atopic otitis were in the chronic stage of the disease. Furthermore, there is 4.63 times greater odds of wax secretions in cases of atopic otitis. Additionally, in the case of atopic otitis, the odds of odorous secretions is 5.1 times greater than that of odorless secretions. Lastly, most dogs with this condition had significantly dark ear secretions. Atopic otitis, therefore, is characterized by waxy, odorous and dark secretions in the ears of animals. In general, identifying the causative agent for this disease in dogs is extremely important and can prevent the application of costly and blind treatments. We conducted the first epidemiological study in Iran of external otitis associated with atopy in dogs. These results support a better understanding of the disease.

Keywords: Ear; Atopy; Dog; Otitis; Iran


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Citation: Mohammad Asadi Iraee., et al. “External Otitis Associated with Atopy Disease in Dogs: A Case-Control Study". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.11 (2022): 155-161.


Copyright: © 2022 Mohammad Asadi Iraee., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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