Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 10

Compositional and Carcass Analysis of the Domestic Speckled Pigeon, Columba Guinea, in Nigeria

Odafe-Shalome Gideon* and Oboh Osato

Bio-Resources and Food Technology Laboratory, Department of Animal Science, University of Benin, Benin-City, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:Odafe-Shalome Gideon, Bio-Resources and Food Technology Laboratory, Department of Animal Science, University of Benin, Benin-City, Nigeria.

Received: June 27, 2022; Published: October 17, 2022


A total of 25 domestic pigeons, Columba guinea, were examined for their physical characteristics, carcass and chemical composition. The pigeons showed stout compact body with small head, short neck, short slender bills and legs with fleshy cares, moderately large wings, and variable plumage. Average live weight (LW) recorded for a pigeon was 279.74g; while carcass (CW) and dressed weights (DW) were 236.01 and 165.78g respectively. Carcass and dressing percentages were 86.37% and 59.25% respectively, indicating appreciable lean meat content. Moisture content (MC) and dry mater (DM) percentage values were 72.17% and 27.83% respectively. Protein content (CP) of fresh meat (wet basis) was 18.90%, ash contents was 4.54% and the ether extract revealed a low fat content of 1.87%, which recommends the meat as useful to dietetic persons. Pigeon meat presented cherry red color,a characteristic chicken odor and aroma, firm texture and tough consistency. The pigeon offers potential for commercial production to complement other poultry species and increase animal protein supplies in developing countries.

Keywords: Speckled Pigeon; Physical; Chemical Composition; Carcass Characteristics; Meat Quality


  1. Ajayi FO. “Nigerian indigenous chicken: a valuable genetic resource for meat and egg production”. Asian Journal of Poultry Science 4 (2010): 164-172.
  2. “Official methods of Analysis. Association of Analytical Chemist, 20thedition, Washington, DC, USA (2010).
  3. Bade DH and Blakely J. “Science of Animal Husbandry. Prentice Hall Publications, 6th Edition, Inc (1995): 505-511.
  4. Baptista LF., et al. “Family Columbidae (Doves and Pigeons)”. In delHoyo J., Elliott A. and Sargatal J. (editors): Handbook of birds of the world, Volume 4: Sandgrouse to Cuckoos. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona (1997).
  5. Bokhari A. “Squabbing”. Pigeon Breeders Handbook (2004).
  6. Dana N., et al. “Morphological features of indigenous chicken populations of Ethiopia”. Animal Genes Information 46 (2010): 11-23.
  7. Egahi JO., et al. “The effects of plumage modifier genes on egg quality indices of the Nigerian local chicken”. IOSR Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 2 (2013): 04-06.
  8. Ezieshi EV and Olomu JM. “Effects of processing method and type of palm kernel cake on performance, carcass yield and Nutrient retention of Nig”. The Journal of Poultry Science 2.1 (2003): 57:60.
  9. “The state of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for food and agriculture”. Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. FAO Rome a CD-ROM (2007).
  10. “Breeding strategies for sustainable management of animal genetic resources”. FAO Animal Production and Health Guidelines No.3. Rome (2010).
  11. Ikeme AI. “Marketing of Meat in Nigeria: Meat Science and Technology, 1st Edition Africa Feb publishers Ltd, Onitsha Nigeria (2012).
  12. Le Bihan-Duval E., et al. “Chicken meat quality: Genetic variability and relationship with growth and muscle characteristics”. BMC Genetics 9 (2008):
  13. Magothe TM., et al. “Indigenous chicken production in Kenya: Current status”. World Poultry Science Journal 68 (2012): 119-132.
  14. Moreki JC., et al. “The role of village poultry in food security and HIV/AIDS mitigation in Chobe District of Botswana”. Livestock Research for Rural Development (2010): 22.
  15. Odafe-Shalome GIO and Uwadiae LI. “Characteristics and chemical composition of Quail, Coturnis japonica, Nig”. Journal of Animal Production 5 (2020): 192-203.
  16. Okeno TO., et al. “Characterization of Indigenous Chicken Production Systems in Kenya”. Tropical Animal Health and Production 44 (2012): 601-608.
  17. Okeno TO., et al. “Evaluation of breeding objectives for purebred and crossbred selection schemes for adoption in indigenous chicken breeding programmes”. British Poultry Science 1 (2013): 62-75.
  18. Olomu JM. “Poultry Production. A Practical Approach”. Jachem Publications, Benin-City, Nigeria (2003): 88-93.
  19. Olomu JM. “Monogastric Animal Nutrition. Principles and Practice”. Foods and Feeding stuff. Jacksons Publication, Lagos, Nigeria (2011): 170-171.


Citation: Odafe-Shalome Gideon and Oboh Osato . “Compositional and Carcass Analysis of the Domestic Speckled Pigeon, Columba Guinea, in Nigeria".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.11 (2022): 80-86.


Copyright: © 2022 Odafe-Shalome Gideon and Oboh Osato. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is April 30th, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue".
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US