Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 11

A Review of Fishmeal Replacement with Animal By-Products in Aqua Diets

Govindharaj Sathish kumar1,2*, Nathan Felix2, Elangovan Prabu2 and Kalidoss Manikandan2,3

1Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University, Institute of Fisheries Post Graduate Studies, Vaniyanchavadi, Chennai, India

2Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University, Directorate of Incubation and Vocational Training in Aquaculture, ECR-Muttukadu, Chennai, India

3Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University, Dr. M.G.R. Fisheries College and Research Institute, Ponneri, Chennai, India

*Corresponding Author: Govindharaj Sathish kumar, Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University, Institute of Fisheries Post Graduate Studies, Vaniyanchavadi, Chennai, India.

Received: September 06, 2022; Published: October 11,2022

Abstract

Fish meal is primary ingredient source of protein in aqua feed production. However, the shortage in world fish meal production and demand for fish meal in feeds for livestock and poultry is probably to reduce the dependence on fish meal as a single protein source in aquafeeds. Therefore, aqua nutritionists have made several attempts to partially of completely replace fish meal with low cost and locally available ingredients. The poultry by-product meal (PBM) and silkworm pupae meal (SWP) are locally available waste raw materials obtained from poultry rendering plants and silk production factories. Therefore, this review article has discussed the feasibilities or infeasibilities of fish meal alternatives in various commercial finfish and shellfish diets.

Keywords: Animal by Products; Fish Diets; Fishmeal Replacer; Poultry by Product Meal; Silkworm Pupae Meal

References

  1. Aydin B and Gümüş E. “Replacement of Fish Meal by Poultry By-product Meal with Lysine, Methionine and Threonine Supplementation to Practical Diets for Nile Tilapia Fry (Oreochromis niloticus)”. Israeli Journal of Aquaculture-Bamidgeh 65 (2012): 7.
  2. Borthakur S and Sarma K. “Protein and Fat Digestibility of Son e Non-Conventional Fish Meal Replacers Incorporated in the Diets of Fish Clarias batrachus (Linn.)”. Environment and Ecology2 (1998): 368-371.
  3. Bureau DP and Cho CY. “Measuring digestibility in fish. UG/OMNR Fish Nutrition Research Laboratory”. Technical document, University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada (1999).
  4. Cheng ZJ., et al. “Effects of poultry by-product meal as a substitute for fish meal in diets on growth and body composition of juvenile Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei”. Journal of Applied Aquaculture1 (2002): 71-83.
  5. Cruz-Suarez LE., et al. “Replacement of fish meal with poultry by-product meal in practical diets for Litopenaeus vannamei, and digestibility of the tested ingredients and diets”. Aquaculture1-4 (2007): 466-476.
  6. Datta Biswas T., et al. “A comparative study of Spinning of silkworm in two types of Mountages”. Indian Sericulture2 (2007): 39-43.
  7. Dawson MR., et al. “Evaluation of poultry by‐product meal as an alternative to fish meal in the diet of juvenile Black Sea Bass reared in a recirculating aquaculture system”. North American Journal of Aquaculture1 (2018): 74-87.
  8. El‐Sayed AF. “Total replacement of fish meal with animal protein sources in Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), feeds”. Aquaculture Research4 (1998): 275-280.
  9. FAO I and UNICEF. “WFP and WHO. The state of food security and nutrition in the world 2020”. Transforming food systems for affordable health diets. Rome, FAO (2020).
  10. Felix N., et al. “Effective utilisation of poultry by product meal as an ingredient in the diet of Genetically Improved Farmed Tilapia (GIFT), cultured in reservoir cages in Tamil Nadu, South India”. INDIAN JOURNAL OF FISHERIES1 (2020): 90-97.
  11. Guimaraes IG., et al. “Amino acid availability and protein digestibility of several protein sources for Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus”. Aquaculture Nutrition5 (2008): 396-404.
  12. Guimaraes IG., et al. “Apparent nutrient digestibility and mineral availability of protein-rich ingredients in extruded diets for Nile tilapia”. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia8 (2012): 1801-1808.
  13. Ha MS., et al. “Dietary substitution effect of fish meal with chicken by‐product meal on growth, feed utilization, body composition, haematology and non‐specific immune responses of olive flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus)”. Aquaculture Nutrition (2020).
  14. Hernandez C., et al. “Complete replacement of fish meal by porcine and poultry by‐product meals in practical diets for fingerling Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus: digestibility and growth performance”. Aquaculture Nutrition1 (2010): 44-53.
  15. Hernandez C., et al. “The potential of pet‐grade poultry by‐product meal to replace fish meal in the diet of the juvenile spotted rose snapper Lutjanus guttatus (S teindachner, 1869)”. Aquaculture Nutrition6 (2014): 623-631.
  16. Hertrampf JW and Piedad-Pascual F. “Handbook on ingredients for aquaculture feeds”. Springer Science and Business Media (2003).
  17. Hossain MA., et al. “Evaluation of silkworm pupae meal as dietary protein source for catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis Bloch)”. Colloques de l'INRA (France) (1993).
  18. Hossain MA., et al. “Nutrient digestibility coefficients of some plant and animal proteins for tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)”. Journal of Aquaculture in the Tropics2 (1992): 257-265.
  19. Hu M., et al. “Replacement of fish meal by rendered animal protein ingredients with lysine and methionine supplementation to practical diets for gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio”. Aquaculture1-4 (2008): 260-265.
  20. Ioselevich M., et al. “Nutritive value of silkworm pupae for ruminants”. In Proc VDLUFA Kongress, Qualitatssicherung in land wirts chaft lichen Productions systemin. Rostock (Germany) (2004).
  21. Irm M., et al. “Effects of replacement of fish meal by poultry by-product meal on growth performance and gene expression involved in protein metabolism for juvenile black sea bream (Acanthoparus schlegelii)”. Aquaculture (2020): 735544.
  22. Ji H., et al. “Effect of replacement of dietary fish meal with silkworm pupae meal on growth performance, body composition, intestinal protease activity and health status in juvenile Jian carp (Cyprinus carpio var. Jian)”. Aquaculture Research5 (2015): 1209-1221.
  23. Jintasatapomr O., et al. “Production Performance of Broiler chickens Fed with Silkworm Pupa (Bombyx mori) (2012).
  24. Mohanta KN., et al. “Plant feed resources of India”. Invited Papers on Application of Solid-State Fermentation Technology in Aquaculture (2012): 100-113.
  25. Nandeesha MC., et al. “Effects of non-defatted silkworm-pupae in diets on the growth of common carp, Cyprinus carpio”. Biological Wastes1 (1990): 17-23.
  26. Olaniyi CO and Babasanmi GO., et al. “Performance characteristics of African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) fed varying inclusion levels of silkworm pupae (Anaphe infracta)”. Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science1 (2013): 76-80.
  27. Palupi ET., et al. “Growth performance, digestibility, and blood biochemical parameters of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) reared in floating cages and fed poultry by-product meal”. Journal of Applied Aquaculture1 (2020): 16-33.
  28. Patil SR., et al. “Utilization of silkworm litter and pupal waste-an eco-friendly approach for mass production of Bacillus thuringiensis”. Bioresource Technology 131 (2013): 545-547.
  29. Pine HJ., et al. “Replacement of Fish Meal with Poultry By‐product Meal as a Protein Source in Pond‐raised Sunshine Bass, Morone chrysops× saxatlis, Diets”. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 39.5 (2008): 586-597.
  30. Rahimnejad S., et al. “Replacement of fish meal with defatted silkworm (Bombyx mori) pupae meal in diets for Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei)”. Aquaculture 510 (2019): 150-159.
  31. Rao PU. “Chemical composition and nutritional evaluation of spent silkworm pupae”. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry10 (1994): 2201-2203.
  32. Saadiah I., et al. “Replacement of fishmeal in cobia (Rachycentron canadum) diets using poultry by-product meal”. Aquaculture International4 (2011): 637-648.
  33. Salem MFI., et al. “Replacement of fish meal by silkworm, Bombyx mori pupae meal. Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus diets”. Egytptian Journal of Nutrition and Feeds3 (2008): 611-624.
  34. Shakoori M., et al. “Growth, survival, and body composition of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, when dietary fish meal is replaced with silkworm (Bombyx mori) pupae”. Fisheries and Aquatic Life1 (2016): 53-57.
  35. Shapawi R., et al. “Replacement of fish meal with poultry by-product meal in diets formulated for the humpback grouper, Cromileptes altivelis”. Aquaculture1 (2007): 118-126.
  36. Shyama S and Keshavanath P. “Growth response of Tor khudree to silkworm pupa incorporated diets”. Colloques de l'INRA (France) (1993).
  37. Siddik MA., et al. “Bioprocessed poultry by-product meals on growth, gut health and fatty acid synthesis of juvenile barramundi, Lates calcarifer (Bloch)”. Plos One4 (2019): e0215025.
  38. Steffens W. “Replacing fish meal with poultry by-product meal in diets for rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss”. Aquaculture1-4 (1994): 27-34.
  39. Suresh PV., et al. “Application of chitosan for improvement of quality and shelf life of table eggs under tropical room conditions”. Journal of Food Science and Technology10 (2015): 6345-6354.
  40. Swamy HV and Devaraj KV. “Nutrient utilization by common carp (Cyprinus carpio Linn) fed protein from leaf meal and silkworm pupae meal-based diets”. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition2 (1994): 67-71.
  41. Tabinda AB and Butt A. “Replacement of fish meal with poultry by-product meal (chicken intestine) as a protein source in grass carp fry diet”. Pakistan Journal of Zoology5 (2012).
  42. Trivedy K., et al. “Protein banding pattern and major amino acid component in de-oiled pupal powder of silkworm, Bombyx mori Linn”. Journal of Entomology 1 (2008): 10-16.
  43. Usub T., et al. “Experimental performance of a solar tunnel dryer for drying silkworm pupae”. Biosystems Engineering2 (2008): 209-216.
  44. Wang J., et al. “Process optimization for the enrichment of α-linolenic acid from silkworm pupal oil using response surface methodology”. African Journal of Biotechnology, 9.20 (2010).
  45. Wei ZJ., et al. “Optimization of supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of silkworm pupal oil applying the response surface methodology”. Bioresource Technology18 (2009): 4214-4219.
  46. Wijayasinghe MS and Rajaguru ASB. “Use of silkworm (Bombyx mori) pupae as a protein supplement in poultry rations”. Journal of the National Science Council of Sri Lanka 5.2 (1977): 95-104.
  47. Wu YB., et al. “Replacing fish meal with a blend of poultry by‐product meal and feather meal in diets for giant croaker (Nibea japonica)”. Aquaculture Nutrition3 (2018): 1085-1091.
  48. Yang Y., et al. “Partial and total replacement of fishmeal with poultry by‐product meal in diets for gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio Bloch”. Aquaculture Research1 (2006): 40-48.
  49. Yang Y., et al. “Effect of replacement of fish meal by meat and bone meal and poultry by-product meal in diets on the growth and immune response of Macrobrachium nipponense”. Fish and Shellfish Immunology2 (2004): 105-114.
  50. Yigit M., et al. “Substituting fish meal with poultry by‐product meal in diets for black Sea turbot Psetta maeotica”. Aquaculture Nutrition5 (2006): 340-347.
  51. Yones AMM and Metwalli AA. “Effects of fish meal substitution with poultry by-product meal on growth performance, nutrients utilization and blood contents of juvenile Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)”. Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development1 (2015).
  52. Yu Y. “Replacement of fishmeal with poultry by-product meal and meat and bone meal in shrimp, tilapia and trout diets”. Avancesen Nutricion Acuicola (2004).
  53. Zhou QC., et al. “Evaluation of poultry by-product meal in commercial diets for juvenile cobia (Rachycentron canadum)”. Aquaculture 322 (2011): 122-127.
  54. Hossain MA., et al. “Nutrient digestibility coefficients of some plant and animal proteins for rohu (Labeo rohita)”. Aquaculture1-4 (1997): 37-45.
  55. Mahata SC., et al. “Evaluation of silkworm pupae as dietary protein source for Thai sharpunti Puntius gonionotus”. Journal Aquaculture Tropics 9 (1994): 77-85.
  56. Sathishkumar G., et al. “Effects of dietary protein substitution of fish meal with bioprocessed poultry by‐product meal on growth performances, nutrient utilization, whole‐body composition and haemato‐biochemical responses of GIFT tilapia reared in floating cages”. Aquaculture Research11 (2021): 5407-5418.
  57. Sathishkumar G., et al. “Growth performances and nutrient utilization efficiency of GIFT tilapia reared in floating net cages fed with bioprocessed silkworm pupae meal”. Aquaculture Nutrition6 (2021): 2786-279.

Citation

Citation: Govindharaj Sathish kumar., et al. “A Review of Fishmeal Replacement with Animal By-Products in Aqua Diets". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.11 (2022): 41-47.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Govindharaj Sathish kumar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US