Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 10

Characterization of the Fodder Resources of the Upper Valley of the Senegal River (HVFS)

Cheikh NDIAYE1*, El Hadji TRAORE2, Sékouna DIATTA3 and Daouda NGOM3

1 Higher Institute of Agricultural and Rural Training, University of Thies BP 967 A, Thies Senegal
2 Senegalese Institute of Agricultural Research (ISRA), Dakar, Senegal
3 Faculty of Science and Technology, Plant Biology, Cheikh Anta Diop BP University, Fann-Dakarm, Senegal

*Corresponding Author: Cheikh NDIAYE, Higher Institute of Agricultural and Rural Training, University of Thies BP 967 A, Thies Senegal.

Received: July 18, 2022; Published: September 14, 2022

Abstract

The present study is devoted to "the characterization of fodder resources in the transhumance terroirs of the Upper Senegal River Valley". It was conducted in the Pastoral Unit of Malandou which straddles the Valley and the Ferlo and in eleven (11) sites of the ISRA Program, all located in the regions of Matam and Tamba (North- East of Senegal). It focused on the characterization of the herbaceous stratum based on grasses of the genus Aristida spp., Chloris spp., Schoenefeldia... and that of woody whose most fodder species, are acacia albida and seyal, pterocarpus érinaceus ... Grassproduction has been linked to the rainfall recorded and it has been found that the most representative herbaceous species are annual grasses such as Aristida spp.; Chloris spp.; Schoenefeldia gracilis; Cenchrus spp, with a carpet that can be sparse or continuous, a height of 50 - 60 cm and a covering that can vary, depending on the levelof rainfall, from 10 to 8 As for woody fodder, namely, trees, shrubs and bushes, the floristic composition is characterized by the relatively large presence of woody, some of which are, Acacia seyal, Ziziphus mauritiana, Balanites aegyptiaca, Adansonia digitata... , are fodder and has more than twenty (20) species of trees and more than twenty species of shrubs and bushes inventoried. The landscape has a lower and lower density of woody trees as we move north. The counts and calculations made show average densities over all sites, about 41 trees/ha and 209 shrubs/ha, with variations of 20 to 82 trees/ha and 22 to 334 bushes and shrubs per ha,

Keywords: Forage Resources; Transhumance; Upper Senegal River Valley; Floristic Composition; Grassland Biomass; Woody Fodder

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Citation

Citation: Cheikh NDIAYE., et al. “Characterization of the Fodder Resources of the Upper Valley of the Senegal River (HVFS)".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.10 (2022): 28-47.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Cheikh NDIAYE., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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