Characterization of the Fodder Resources of the Upper Valley of the Senegal River (HVFS)
Cheikh NDIAYE1*, El Hadji TRAORE2, Sékouna DIATTA3 and Daouda
Higher Institute of Agricultural and Rural Training, University of Thies BP 967 A,
Senegalese Institute of Agricultural Research (ISRA), Dakar, Senegal
Faculty of Science and Technology, Plant Biology, Cheikh Anta Diop BP University,
*Corresponding Author: Cheikh NDIAYE, Higher Institute of Agricultural and Rural
Training, University of Thies BP 967 A, Thies Senegal.
July 18, 2022; Published: September 14, 2022
The present study is devoted to "the characterization of fodder resources in the transhumance terroirs of the Upper Senegal River
Valley". It was conducted in the Pastoral Unit of Malandou which straddles the Valley and the Ferlo and in eleven (11) sites of the ISRA
Program, all located in the regions of Matam and Tamba (North- East of Senegal). It focused on the characterization of the herbaceous
stratum based on grasses of the genus Aristida spp., Chloris spp., Schoenefeldia... and that of woody whose most fodder species, are
acacia albida and seyal, pterocarpus érinaceus ... Grassproduction has been linked to the rainfall recorded and it has been found that
the most representative herbaceous species are annual grasses such as Aristida spp.; Chloris spp.; Schoenefeldia gracilis; Cenchrus spp,
with a carpet that can be sparse or continuous, a height of 50 - 60 cm and a covering that can vary, depending on the levelof rainfall,
from 10 to 8 As for woody fodder, namely, trees, shrubs and bushes, the floristic composition is characterized by the relatively large
presence of woody, some of which are, Acacia seyal, Ziziphus mauritiana, Balanites aegyptiaca, Adansonia digitata... , are fodder and
has more than twenty (20) species of trees and more than twenty species of shrubs and bushes inventoried. The landscape has a
lower and lower density of woody trees as we move north. The counts and calculations made show average densities over all sites,
about 41 trees/ha and 209 shrubs/ha, with variations of 20 to 82 trees/ha and 22 to 334 bushes and shrubs per ha,
Keywords: Forage Resources; Transhumance; Upper Senegal River Valley; Floristic Composition; Grassland Biomass; Woody Fodder
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