Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Editorial Volume 4 Issue 10

Genomic Characterization of Gaddi breed of Dog to Envisage Molecular Signatures

CS Mukhopadhyay*

Department of Bioinformatics, College of Animal Biotechnology, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India

*Corresponding Author: CS Mukhopadhyay, Department of Bioinformatics, College of Animal Biotechnology, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, India.

Received: July 26, 2022, 2022 ; Published: September 01, 2022


Dog has been one of the loyal and preferred tamed animals since prehistoric times. They have been associated with hunting and herding activities, as guard dogs for homes, protectors of the family, and affectionate pet. Although more than 350 distinct breeds of dogs have been identified worldwide, the species have been left neglected in developing countries. Our history indicates that Indian dogs have been of great importance to Indian society, Indian kings, and British rulers. The forgotten glory of the indigenous canines has been emphasized to be revived in the recent talk aired by the honorable Prime Minister on 30th August 2020, where he urged on “Bringing home the indigenous dog breeds”. Four Indian dog breeds (Rampur Hound, Himalayan Sheep Dog/Gaddi, Mudhol Hound, and Rajapalayam) were featured on a set of postage stamps to celebrate India’s canine heritage in 2005. Genetic characterization of these breeds needs to be prioritized to conserve and safeguard the indigenous germplasms and make use of them for the betterment of humanity. The focus on indigenous canines has been quite rare in India. The National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources (NBAGR), of ICAR, Government of India, has registered three indigenous breeds, namely, Rajapalayam, Chippiparai, and Mudhol Hound. Howbeit, the Dog Registry of America, Inc. (DRA) has recognized five native Indian dog breeds, namely, Rajapalayam, Gaddi dog, Combai, Rampur Hound, and Indian Spitz. Indian dogs have been locally identified as distinct genetic groups/breeds due to their diverse looks, behavioral features, and special traits due to their distinctive geographical conditions. In this section, we will unveil unique canine germplasm which is truly a treasure due to its certain features, like, herding ability, faithfulness, agility, boldness, and reliability.



Citation: CS Mukhopadhyay. “Genomic Characterization of Gaddi breed of Dog to Envisage Molecular Signatures". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.10 (2022): 01-02.


Copyright: © 2022 CS Mukhopadhyay. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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