Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 9

Effects of Chromolaena Odorata Leaf Meal Supplementation on Egg Quality, Semen Characteristics, and Some Stress Markers on Brahma Chicken (Gallus gallus Domesticus)

Chouegouong Tuedom Mireille1,2, Nguemmogne Tamdem Ghislaine1, Pierrette Ngo Bahebeck1,3, Ghomsi Magne Olivia Sandra1,2, Enamou Mbanga Gatien1, Tientcheu Blandine Laure1, Mongo Bitjocka Gabriel1, Nya Djapo Sidonie1, Sulem Yong Nina Nindum1,3, Owona Pascal Emmanuel5, Mengue Ngadena Yolande4,5 and Etchu Agbor Kingsley1*

1Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (IRAD), Cameroon
2Phytobiochemistry and Medicinal Plants Studies, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
3Hydrobiology and Environment, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
4Unit of Biology, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
5Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé, Cameroon

*Corresponding Author: Etchu Agbor Kingsley, Department of Animal Biology and Physiology, Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé 1, Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Received: August 01, 2022; Published: August 29, 2022

Abstract

Chromolaena odorata leaf meal (COLM) has been used to feed poultry without adverse effects on growth, however, studies on its effect on the fertility of local chicken are scarce. This study aimed at evaluating the effect of COLM-based diets on egg fertility, semen characteristic, and tissue biochemistry parameters (Protein, cholesterol, catalase (CAT), reduced glutathione (GSH), and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration) of Brahma chickens. Sixty hens and fifteen cocks, aged 4-5 months were fed three dietary treatments T0, T1, and T2, as containing 0, 1 and 2% COLM, respectively in five replications for two months. Semen samples were collected once a week by double hand massage technique and semen quality parameters (volume, motility, concentration, and spermatozoa viability) were determined. Data on testicular and epididymis histology and biochemical parameters in testes were also collected during the eighth week of the experiment. During the incubation phase, fertility, and hatchability of eggs, as well as embryonic mortality of fertile eggs were recorded. The semen analysis showed that spermatozoa concentration and spermatozoa motility (p < 0.05) increased significantly with increased COLM supplementation levels. The biochemical analysis showed an increase in protein, cholesterol, and GSH levels while MDA levels decreased in males supplemented with COLM. The fertility percentage for T1 was significantly higher than in the other treatments, while hatchability and mortality of the embryo showed non-significant differences among the groups. The histopathological analysis also revealed a positive effect of the plant on spermatogenesis. Altogether, the addition of COLM up to 1% in local chicken diets improves semen quality, oxidative status level of testes, and egg fertility.

Keywords: Chromolaena odorata; Semen; Tissue Biochemistry; Fertility; Local Chicken

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Citation

Citation: Etchu Agbor Kingsley., et al. “Effects of Chromolaena Odorata Leaf Meal Supplementation on Egg Quality, Semen Characteristics, and Some Stress Markers on Brahma Chicken (Gallus gallus Domesticus)". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.9 (2022): 83-91.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Etchu Agbor Kingsley., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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