Biotherapeutics an Alternative Way of Treating Metabolic Disorders in Human. Category: Review Article
Pragati Kumari and Ajay Valiyaveettil Salimkumar*
1Bachelor of Fisheries Science, Kerala University of fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangad, Kerala, India
2Department of Marine Environment and Resources, University of Bordeaux, France
*Corresponding Author: Ajay Valiyaveettil Salimkumar, Department of Marine Environment and Resources, University of Bordeaux, France.
August 2, 2022; Published: August 23, 2022
The human population currently suffers from a variety of metabolic illnesses, with type 2 diabetes(T2DM) and cardiovascular disease being the two most prevalent (CVD). These metabolic abnormalities affect both young and old persons, not just those who are elderly. Insufficient consumption of macronutrients, unhealthy lifestyle choices, and changes in the body's microbiota composition are typically the main causes of these illnesses. Changes in the microbiota's composition frequently cause obesity, metabolic endotoxemia, systemic inflammation, and beta cell dysfunction. The microbiota composition within the body can be considerably improved by biotherapeutics like probiotics and prebiotics, preventing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular illnesses (CVD). They can also drastically cut cholesterol levels and enhance insulin levels in the body. Thus aids in reducing obesity. The present review deals with different types of metabolic disorders in human and how biotherapeutics can be used as an alternative way of treating them.
Keywords: Probiotics; Prebiotics; Cardiovascular Disease; Type 2 Diabetes; Obesity
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