On Farm Diagnostics and Preventive Measures for Mastitis in Dairy
Bovines Category: Review Article
Gayathri S Lal1*, Mukesh Bhakat2, TK Mohanty2 and S Maiti3
1PhD Research Scholar, LPM Division, ICAR-NDRI, Haryana, India
2Principal Scientist, LPM Division, ICAR-NDRI, Haryana, India
3Senior Scientist, Dairy Extension Division, ICAR-NDRI, Haryana, India
*Corresponding Author:Gayathri S Lal, PhD Research Scholar, LPM Division,
ICAR-NDRI, Haryana, India.
July 18, 2022; Published: July 25, 2022
Mastitis is defined as a multi-etiological disease that causes inflammation of the udder. It is one of the costliest production diseases accounting for economic loss of globally and approximately Rs. 7165.51 crores in India. The incidence and prevalence rate is higher in sub-clinical mastitis than clinical mastitis in most herds throughout the World. It affects the quantity and quality of milk as well as the udder health of dairy animals. Poor sanitation and hygienic measures account for 67.8 percent of total factors responsible for flaring mastitic pathogens such as E. coli, Staph. Aureus and Strept. uberis. Effective and early diagnosis of mastitis is highly essential in eradicating the disease from any herd. Along with the effective diagnosis, preventive measures also play a significant role in minimizing the cases of mastitis.
Keywords: Diagnosis; Incidence; Mastitis; Prevalence; Prevention
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