Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 8

On Farm Diagnostics and Preventive Measures for Mastitis in Dairy Bovines Category: Review Article

Gayathri S Lal1*, Mukesh Bhakat2, TK Mohanty2 and S Maiti3

1PhD Research Scholar, LPM Division, ICAR-NDRI, Haryana, India
2Principal Scientist, LPM Division, ICAR-NDRI, Haryana, India
3Senior Scientist, Dairy Extension Division, ICAR-NDRI, Haryana, India

*Corresponding Author:Gayathri S Lal, PhD Research Scholar, LPM Division, ICAR-NDRI, Haryana, India.

Received: July 18, 2022; Published: July 25, 2022

Abstract

Mastitis is defined as a multi-etiological disease that causes inflammation of the udder. It is one of the costliest production diseases accounting for economic loss of globally and approximately Rs. 7165.51 crores in India. The incidence and prevalence rate is higher in sub-clinical mastitis than clinical mastitis in most herds throughout the World. It affects the quantity and quality of milk as well as the udder health of dairy animals. Poor sanitation and hygienic measures account for 67.8 percent of total factors responsible for flaring mastitic pathogens such as E. coli, Staph. Aureus and Strept. uberis. Effective and early diagnosis of mastitis is highly essential in eradicating the disease from any herd. Along with the effective diagnosis, preventive measures also play a significant role in minimizing the cases of mastitis.

Keywords: Diagnosis; Incidence; Mastitis; Prevalence; Prevention

References

  1. Shaikh SR., et al. “Epidemiological studies of mastitis in cows reared under different managemental system in and around Parbhani”. The Pharma Innovation Journal2 (2018): 01-05.
  2. Sinha MK., et al. “Subclinical Mastitis in Dairy Animals: Incidence, Economics, and Predisposing Factors”. The Scientific World Journal 523984 (2014):1- 4.
  3. Pilipčincová I., et al. “Genotypic characterisation, of coagulase-negative Stahpylococci isolated from sheep milk in Slovakia”. Acta Veterinaria Brunensis 79 (2010): 269-275.
  4. Krishnamoorthy P., et al. “Meta-analysis of Prevalence of Subclinical and Clinical Mastitis, Major Mastitis Pathogens in Dairy Cattle in India”. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 3 (2017): 1214-1234.
  5. Kamboj ML., et al. “Effect of udder and teat characteristics on incidences of subclinical mastitis in crossbred cows”. Indian Veterinary Journal8 (2008): 846-848.
  6. Prasad RMV., et al. “Studies on the udder and teat morphology and their relationship with milk yield in Murrah buffaloes”. Livestock Research for Rural Development 22 (2010): 1-15.
  7. Danish Z., et al. “Udder and teat morphology and their relation with incidence of sub-clinical and clinical mastitis in Sahiwal, Karan Fries cows and Murrah buffaloes”. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5 (2018): 2138-2141.
  8. Kamboj ML., et al. “Effect of udder and teat shapes and their measurements on somatic cell counts in milk of Karan-Fries cows”. Indian Journal of Dairy Science6 (2007): 435-440.
  9. Nielsen C. “Economic impact of mastitis in dairy cows. Doctoral Thesis”. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden (2009).
  10. Bewley JM. “Southeast Quality Milk Initiative: Implementing science-based recommendations to control mastitis and improve milk quality in the Southeast”. In Proceedings. National Mastitis Council. USDA (2014).
  11. Liang LM., et al. “Estimating US dairy clinical disease costs with a stochastic simulation model”. Journal of Dairy Sciences,100 (2017): 1472-1486.
  12. Singh D., et al. “Economic losses due to important diseases of bovines in central India”. Veterinary World8 (2014): 579-585.
  13. Bardhan D. “Economic losses due to clinical mastitis in organized dairy farms”. Indian Journal of Dairy Science 2 (2013): 168-172.
  14. Blum B. “A biological alternative to antibiotics for dairy cows”. Israel 21C. Uncover Israel. Weekly newsletter (2021).
  15. Krishnamoorthy P., et al. “Global and countrywide prevalence of subclinical and clinical mastitis in dairy cattle and buffaloes by systematic review and meta-analysis”. Research in Veterinary Science 136 (2021): 561-586.
  16. Jakeen K El-Jakeea., et al. “Emerging of coagulase-negative staphylococci as a cause of mastitis in dairy animals: An environmental hazard”. International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine 2 (2013): 1-12.
  17. Tufani NA., et al. “Epidemiology and therapeutic management of bovine mastitis”. Indian Journal of Animal Research2 (2012): 148-151.
  18. Awale MM., et al. “Bovine mastitis: a threat to economy”. Scientific Reports 1 (2012): 295-305.
  19. Jingar SC., et al. “Effect of Year Wise on Incidence of Mastitis in Crossbred, Indigenous Cattle and Murrah Buffaloes”. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences6 (2017): 2725-2728.
  20. Alhussien MN and Dang AK. “Milk somatic cells, factors influencing their release, future prospects, and practical utility in dairy animals: An overview”. Veterinary World5 (2018): 562-577.
  21. Kumar V. “Studies on milk quality assessment with special reference to cow udder health and milking management, M. V. Sc thesis”. Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana (2012).
  22. Abebe R., et al. “Bovine mastitis: prevalence, risk factors and isolation of Staphylococcus aureus in dairy herds at Hawassa milk shed, South Ethiopia”. BMC Veterinary Research1 (2016): 270-282.
  23. De UK and Mukherjee R. “Prevalence of mastitis in cross bred cows”. Indian Veterinary Journal 86 (2009): 858-859.
  24. Bangar YC., et al. “A systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence of subclinical mastitis in dairy cows in India”. Tropical Animal Health Production 2 (2015): 291-297.
  25. Patel YG and Trivedi MM. “Quarter-Wise Prevalence of Subclinical Mastitis in Crossbred Cows”. Trends in Biosciences 8 (2015): 4727-4729.
  26. Hussain R., et al. “Changes in some biochemical parameters and somatic cell counts in the milk of buffalo and cattle suffering from mastitis”. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 3 (2012): 418-421.
  27. Bradley AJ., et al. “An investigation of the dynamics of intramammary infections acquired during the dry period on European dairy farms”. Journal of Dairy Science 98 (2015): 6029-6047.
  28. Cortinhas CS., et al. “Randomized clinical trial comparing ceftiofur hydrochloride with a positive control protocol for intramammary treatment of nonsevere clinical mastitis in dairy cows”. Journal of Dairy Science 99 (2016): 5619-5628.
  29. Falentin H., et al. “Bovine teat microbiome analysis revealed reduced alpha diversity and significant changes in taxonomic profiles in quarters with a history of mastitis”. Frontiers in Microbiology 7 (2016): 480-495.
  30. Radostits OM., et al. “Mastitis control in dairy herds”. Herd Health Food Animal Production Medicine, 2nd W. B. saunders, Philadelphia (1994): 229-273.
  31. Varshney JP and Mukherjee R. “Recent advances in management of bovine mastitis”. Intas Polivet1 (2002): 62- 65.
  32. Silva Rodes Angelo Batista da., et al. “Exploratory data inference for detecting mastitis in dairy cattle”. Acta Scientiarum”. Animal Sciences 42 (2020): 1-12.
  33. Sathiyabarathi M., et al. “Infrared thermography to monitor body and udder skin surface temperature differences in relation to subclinical and clinical mastitis condition in Karan Fries (Bos taurus × Bos indicus) crossbred cows”. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences6 (2018): 694-699.
  34. Sargeant JM., et al. “Sensitivity and specificity of somatic cell count and California mastitis test for identifying intramammary infection in early lactation”. Journal of Dairy Science 84 (2001): 2018–24.
  35. Lahamge MS., et al. “Prevalence of Subclinical Mastitis in Cows: In and Around Nagpur Region”. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 12 (2019): 83-88.
  36. Varatanovic N., et al. “Research on subclinical mastitis and its ethiological in different breeds of cow”. Biotechnology in Animal Husbandry3 (2015): 365-374.
  37. Risvanli A and Kalkan C. “The effect of age and breed on somatic cell count and microbiological isolation rates in milk of dairy cows with subclinical mastitis. Yuzuncu Yil Universitesi”. Veteriner Fakultesi Dergisi 13 (2002): 84-87.
  38. Kasikci G., et al. “Relations between electrical conductivity, somatic cell count, California mastitis test and some quality parameters in the diagnosis of subclinical mastitis in dairy cows”. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences 1 (2012): 49-55.
  39. Arora P. “NDRI ‘sets’ somatic cell counts limit in milk-Says it will reduce antibiotic residue, produce grade-A milk”. The Tribune. Tribune News Service, Karnal (2020).
  40. Mohanty AK., et al. “Mastitis in dairy animal: current concepts and future concerns”. Satish Serial Publishing House, Delhi, India (2015): 1–5.
  41. Castro A., et al. “Long-term variability of bulk milk somatic cell and bacterial counts associated with dairy farms moving from conventional to automatic milking systems”. Italian Journal of Animal Science 17 (2017): 218-225.
  42. Petzer IM., et al. “Somatic cell count thresholds in composite and quarter milk samples as indicator of bovine intramammary infection status”. Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research 84 (2017): 1269- 1284.
  43. Sales DC., et al. “Relationship between the yield of mozzarella cheese of buffalo’s milk, milk quality and the recovery of constituents in whey”. Journal of Animal Science 94 (2016): 246-254.
  44. Bombade K., et al. “Diurnal variation of milk somatic and differential leukocyte counts of Murrah buffaloes as influenced by different milk fractions, seasons and parities”. Biological Rhythm Research 49 (2017): 151-163.
  45. Vissio C., et al. “Milking machine and udder health management factors associated with bulk milk somatic cell count in Uruguayan herds”. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 150 (2018): 110-116.
  46. Emanuelson U and Nielsen C. “Weak associa­tions between mastitis control measures and bulk milk somatic cell counts in Swedish dairy herds”. Journal of Dairy Science 100 (2017): 6572-6576.
  47. Amer S., et al. “Prevalence and etiology of mastitis in dairy cattle in El Oro Province, Ecuador”. Veterinary Medicine and Science 80.6 (2018): 861-868. 
  48. Gao J., et al. “Incidence of clinical mastitis and distribution of pathogens on large Chinese dairy farms”. Journal of Dairy Science 100 (2017): 4797-4806.

Citation

Citation: Gayathri S Lal.,et al. “On Farm Diagnostics and Preventive Measures for Mastitis in Dairy Bovines Category: Review Article". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.8 (2022): 158-169.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Gayathri S Lal., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US