Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 8

Semen Characteristics and Scrotal Size of Pubertal West African Dwarf Rams Fed Diets Containing Tetrapleura Tetraptera Fruit Meal

Jinadu KB 1*, Oluwatosin BO2, Fasae AO3, Abiona JA3 Olaniyi TA5, Popoola MA5 and Olagbaju OT4

1Centre of Excellence in Agricultural Development and Sustainable Environment, FUNAAB, Nigeria
2Institute of Food Security, Environmental Resources and Agricultural Research, FUNAAB, Nigeria
3Department of Animal Production and Health, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria
4Real People Concept Africa, Adekunle Fajuyi Road, Ibadan Office, Ibadan, Nigeria
5Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, Ibadan, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:Jinadu KB, Centre of Excellence in Agricultural Development and Sustainable Environment, FUNAAB, Nigeria.

Received: June 06, 2022; Published: July 25, 2022

Abstract

The study investigated and explored the potential effect of Tetrapleura tetraptera fruit meal (TTFM) on the spermatozoa attributes and scrotal sizes of West African dwarf ram in a 20-week trial. Thirty-five (35) West African dwarf rams with an average weight of 12.80±0.20 were randomly allotted to five dietary treatments in a completely randomized design. The diets included 0% TTFM, 0.5%TTFM, 1.0%TTFM, 1.5%TTFM and 2.0%TTFM designated as treatments 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 respectively. Each treatment had seven replicates, while semen was collected from five replicates in each treatment using electro-ejaculator at the pre-experimental and post experimental periods assessed for semen colour, semen pH, semen temperature, sperm motility, sperm concentration, live and dead sperm cells. The result showed that the scrotal circumference ranged from 15.20 to 23.00cm both at the beginning and the end of the experiment which did not differ significantly (p > 0.05). The scrotal length increased significantly (p < 0.05) across the treatment from 13.00 to 15.80cm. The sperm motility ranged from 54.00 to 60.80% though not significantly differed (p > 0.05). The sperm volume increased significantly (p < 0.05) from 0.32 to 0.53ml in rams fed diet containing 2.0% TTFM. Except for sperm volume, inclusion of TTFM up to 2% in the diet of breeding rams did not have direct or adverse effect on the sperm reproductive attributes.

Keywords: Sperm Volume; Scrotal Length; Rams; Motility

References

  1. Akusu MO and Ajala OO. “Reproductive performance of West African dwarf goats in the humid environment of Ibadan”. Israel Veterinary Medicinal Association2 (2000): 8-9.
  2. Ajani OS., et al. “Correlation between age, weight and scrotal circumference and the epididymal parameters of red sokoto bucks”. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health 5 (2018): 159-163.
  3. Devkota B., et al. “Relationship among age body weight scrotal circumference, and peripheral testostorone and estradiol concentration in pubertal and postpubertal Hostein bulls”. Journal Veterinary and Medical Science1 (2008): 1119-1121.
  4. Adeniji SA., et al. “Semen characteristics of pubertal Yankassa rams fed Zingiber officinale supplemented diets”. Nigerian Society for Animal Production1 (2016): 247-252.
  5. Oguike MA., et al. “Libido and semen characteristics of West African dwarf rams administered aqeous African marigold plant (Aspilia africana) extract”. Academic Journal of Science 02 (2013): 25-34.
  6. Elmaz O., et al. “Prediction of post pubertal reproductive potential according to prepubertal body weight, testicular size, and testosterone concentration using multiple regression analysis in Kivircik ram lambs”. Turkish Journal of Veterinary and Animal Science 5 (2008): 335-343.
  7. Rege OEJ., et al. “Reproductive characteristics of Ethiopian highland sheep. II: Genetic parameters of semen characteristics and their relationship with testicular measurements in ram lambs”. Small Ruminant Resource 37 (2000): 173-187.
  8. Notter DR., et al. “Accuracy of estimation of testis weight from in situ testis measures in ram lambs”. Theriogenology 15 (1981): 227-234.
  9. Memon AG., et al. “Association between sperm abnormalities, breed, age and scrotal circumference in beef bull”. Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research4 (2011): 241-247.
  10. Adedeji OS and Gbadamosi AJ. “Relationship of scrotal circumference to age, body weight, the right and left scrotal length in the red Sokoto goats”. In: Proceedings of 26thAnnual Conf. NSAP 21-25 March, Ilorin, Nigeria (1999): 10-13.
  11. Ahmad M., et al. “Relationship of Testicular size and Libido to age and season in sahiwal bulls”. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 23 (2005): 202-206.
  12. Jergensen N., et al. “Semen analysis performed by different laboratory teams: an inter-variation study”. International Journal of Andropology 20 (1997): 201-208.
  13. Zemjanis R. “Diagnostic and Therapeutic technique in animal reproduction. Baltimore, Williams and Wikins”. Company (1977): 88-96.
  14. Wells ME and Awa OA. “New technique for assessing acrosomal characteristics of spermatozoa”. Journal of Dairy. Science2 (1977): 227-232.
  15. Statistical Analysis System [SAS]. (2013). SAS/STAT User guide, Version 9.4. Cary, NC: SAS Institute Inc (2013).
  16. Hofflack G., et al. “Breeding soundness and libido examination of Belgian Blue and Holstein Friesian artificial insemination bull in Belgium and Netherlands”. Theriogenology 66 (2006): 207-216.
  17. Chenoweth PJ., et al. “Sexual behavior in the bull”. In: G. Fordyce, Editor, Bull Fertility: Selection and Management in Australian Association of Cattle Veterinarians, Indooroopilly (2002): 1-4.11.
  18. Britto FC., et al. “Comparism of methods to evaluate the planalemma of bovine sperm and their relationship with in vitro fertilization rate”. Therigenelogy 60 (2003): 1539-1551.
  19. Bindariet YR., et al. “Effects of nutrition on reproduction- A review”. Advances in Applied Science Research 1 (2013): 421-429.
  20. Ajala OO., et al. “The effects of scrotal insulation on the testicles and spermatozoa characteristics of West African Dwarf Goats”. Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Science 1 (2001): 44-50.
  21. Raheem AK., et al. “Selected fertility parameters for West African Dwarf bucks experimentally infected with Trypanosoma Congolese”. Folia Veterinarian2 (2009): 68-71.
  22. Garner DL and Hafez ESE. “Spermatozoa and Seminal Plasma”. In: Hafez, E.S.E. and Hafez, B. (eds) Reproduction in farm animals, 7th edition Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadephia (2000): 96-107.
  23. Jibril A., et al. “Effect of graded levels and sources of protein on scrotal circumference and semen profile of Yankasa rams”. Sokoto Journal of Veterinary Science1 (2011): 22-27.
  24. Oyeyemi MO., et al. “The semen characteristics of West African dwarf bucks infected with Listeria monocytogenes”. Bulletin Animal Health and Production African 56 (2008): 307-313.
  25. Braun WF., et al. “Ram scrotal circumference measurements”. Theriogenology3 (1980): 221-229.
  26. Jones R. “Sperm Survival Versus degradation in the mammalian epididymis: A hypothesis”. Biology of Reproduction71 (2004): 1405-1411.
  27. Kimberling CV and Parsons GA. “Breeding soundness evaluation and surgical sterilization of the ram. In: Youngquist, RS and Threlfal, WR (eds) Current Therapy In Large Animal Theriogenology, 2nd Edition, Saunders Elsevier St. Louis, Missouri 63146 (2007): 620-626.
  28. Ososanya TO., et al. “Semen characteristics of pubertal West African Dwarf rams fed pineapple waste silage as replacement for dried cassava fed”. African Journal of Agricultural Research1 (2013): 501-506.
  29. Pineda M. The biology of sex. In: Pineda, M. and Dooley, M.P. (eds). “McDonald’s Veterinary endocrinology and reproduction, 5th edition”. Iowa State Press (2003): 201-223.
  30. Oyeyemi MO., et al. “Spermiogram and changes in body parameters of West African Dwarf bucks fed Dussa- Poultry waste combination. Global Veterinaria2 (2011): 136-139.
  31. Bitto II., et al. “Comparative studies of the physical and micrometric characteristics of ovine and caprine semen in the humid tropics”. Proceedings of the 11th Congress on Animal Reproduction and A.I., Dublin, Ireland 3.230 (1988): 3.
  32. Puglisi R., et al. “Genome wide analysis of bull sperm quality and fertility traits”. Reproductive Domestic Animal5 (2006): 840-843.
  33. Kafi M., et al. “Seasonal variation in semen characteristics, scrotal circumference and libido of Persian Karakul rams”. Small Ruminant Research 53 (2004): 133-139.
  34. Jinadu KB., et al. “Semen characteristics and scrotal size of pubertal West African dwarf rams fed diets containing Garcinia kola (Bitter kola) seed meal”. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production 3 (2018): 107-114.
  35. Al-Ghalban AM., et al. “Factors affecting semen characteristics and scrotal circumference in Damascus bucks”. Small Ruminant Research 53 (2004): 141149.
  36. Hotzel MJ., et al. “Determinants of the annual pattern of reproduction in mature male Merino and Suffolk sheep: responses to a nutritional stimulus in the breeding and non-breeding seasons”. Journal of Reproductive, Fertility and Development 15 (2003): 1-9.
  37. Fernandez M., et al. “Effect of undegradable protein supply on testicular size, spermiogram parameters and sexual behavior of mature Assaf rams”. Theriogenology 62 (2004): 299-310.
  38. Kridli TR., et al. “Age at puberty and some biological parameters of Awassi and its first crosses with Charollais and Romanov rams”. Italian Journal Animal Science 5 (2006): 193-202.
  39. Adeniji SA., et al. “Semen characteristics of pubertal Yankassa rams fed Zingiber officinale supplemented diets”. Nigerian Society for Animal Production1 (2016): 247-252.
  40. Smith OB and Akinbamijo OO. “Micronutrients and reproduction in farm animals”. Animal Reproductive Science 60-61 (2000): 549-560.
  41. Thompson JA., et al. “Scrotal circumference does not accurately predict degree of germinal epithelial loss or semen quality in yearling Hereford and Summental bulls”. Theriogeology 6 (1992): 1023-1032.
  42. Preston TB., et al. “Testes size, testosterone production and reproductive behaviour in a natural mammalian mating system”. Journal of Animal Ecology 81 (2012): 296-305.
  43. Teodoro SM., et al. “Infleunce of availability of shade on testicular characteristics of Santa Ines rams”. Acta Scientiarium 4 (2013): 441-446.
  44. Whitlock BK., et al. “Electroejaculation increased vocalization and plasma concentrations of cortisol and progesterone, but not substance in beef bulls”. Theriogenology 78 (2012): 737-746.
  45. Ax RL., et al. “Artifcial insemination. In: Reproduction in Farm Animals”. 7th edition, Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia (2000): 387-388.
  46. Naoman UT and Taha MB. “Effect of Hemi castration on castration on testicular growth and seminal characteristics of Iraqi male goats”. Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences 2 (2010): 71-74.
  47. Maksimović N., et al. “Investigation of serum testosterone level, scrotal circumference, body mass, semen characteristics, and their correlations in developing MIS lambs”. Turkish Journal Veterinary Animal Science 40 (2016): 53-59.
  48. Adeyemi AA., et al. “Testosterone, libido assessment and semen characteristics of Rabbits fed supplemented Moringa oleifera leaf meal”. African Journal of Biotechnology43 (2014): 10146-10148.

Citation

Citation: Jinadu KB., et al. “Semen Characteristics and Scrotal Size of Pubertal West African Dwarf Rams Fed Diets Containing Tetrapleura Tetraptera Fruit Meal". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.8 (2022): 147-157.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Jinadu KB., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In





News and Events


Contact US