Usage Opportunites of Total Mixed Ration (TMR) in Small and Large Ruminants
Hasan Hüseyin Şenyüz*
Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of
Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Disease, Ereğli, Konya, Türkiye
*Corresponding Author: Hasan Hüseyin Şenyüz, Necmettin Erbakan University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutritional Disease, Ereğli, Konya, Türkiye.
June 22, 2022; Published: July 25, 2022
Total mixed ration (TMR) has been used in animal nutrition for many years around the world, it has recently started to take attention TMR is the consumption of a daily nutrient requirement of the animal as a whole mixture. The mixture should contain all the daily needs of the animal such as roughage, concentrated feed, vitamins, minerals etc. TMR provides benefits such as protection of rumen health, saving in feed costs, and controllability, as well as allowing the use of regional wastes as animal feed. In this way, difficulties in accessing quality roughage as a result of the decrease in water resources in the world and drought can be reduced. It is a feeding method that can be used in all ruminant animals. While the use of TMR offers some advantages to enterprises, there are also situations that can be considered as a disadvantage. In addition to studies such as comparing TMR with the traditional feeding method, adding different additives to TMR, packaged TMR studies have been carried out recently. TMR can be prepared fresh daily, or it can be preserved by making strech packs (ensiled TMR) for longer storage. In this review, the use of TMR in ruminant animals such as dairy cattle, beef cattle, buffalo, sheep and goats has been examined in detail.
Keywords: Total Mixed Ration (TMR); Small Ruminant; Large Ruminant
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