Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 8

Prevalence of Paramphistomosis in Ruminants in Gursum District

Netsa Bekele Sirika*, Ibsa Abrahim Umar(DVM) and Maditu Tofik Haji

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Jigjiga University, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Netsa Bekele Sirika, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Jigjiga University, Ethiopia.

Received: June 27, 2022; Published: July 13, 2022


Trematode (Paramphistomosis) is a parasitic infection caused by digenetic trematodes belonging to the family Paramphistomatidae. It is the major health problems limiting the productivity in animals. A cross sectional study was conducted from March 2021 to September 2021 to determine the prevalence of paramphistomosis in ruminants in Gursum district, Eastern Hararghe zone, Oromia regional state, Eastern Ethiopia. At the study area faecal samples collected randomly, with sample size 384 ruminants and fecal examinations was carried out according to the standard sedimentation techniques. Based on our data, the current prevalence of Paramphistomosis was 22.4% (86/384). The identification results in this study showed that the prevalence of Paramphistomosis was higher in ovines (25%) followed by bovines and caprines with prevalence of 21.9% and 21.4%, respectively. According to our results, there is statistical difference between age and body condition scoring (BCS) at the level of confidence interval 95% (p < 0.05). These findings suggest the importance of parasitic problems in the current study area require serious attention by concerned bodies to minimize and control the effects of those parasites on the general health status, productivity and reproductive potential of the animals. Diagnosis of paramphistomosis is based on clinical sign, grazing history, seasonal occurrence, examination of faces by laboratory tests and post-mortem examination. It is an important limiting factor for ruminant production. It causes several economic losses. The losses may be direct or indirect. The disease can be controlled by reduction in the number of intermediate snail host by chemical or biological, Immunological and strategic application of anthelmintic and a combination of control measure includes environmental sanitation and manipulation and managements system should be used to control and prevent the disease.

Keywords: Prevalence Trematodes; Paramphistomosis, Ruminants


  1. Addis, Sintayehu Melaku and Mekonnen. “Prevalence and Intensity of Paramphistomum in Ruminants Slaughtered at Debre Zeit Industrial Abattoir, Ethiopia”. Global Veterinaria 3 (2012): 315-319.
  2. Agosti M., et al. “Bovine paramphistomiasis in the province of Milan”. Clinica Veterinaria 103 (1980): 284-296.
  3. “Agricultural and rural development office of Tullo district” (2012).
  4. Bianchin C., et al. “The effect of the control of endo and ectoparasites on weight gains in cross breed cattle in the central region of Brazil”. Tropical Animal Health and Production 4 (2007): 287-296.
  5. Bilqees F., et al.Paramphistomum Cervi Infection and Liver Tissue Damage in Buffaloes”. Verlag (2011): 1-112.
  6. Dorny P., et al. “Infections with gastrointestinal nematodes,Fasciola and Paramphistomum in cattle in Cambodiaand their association with morbidity parameters”. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology 175 (2011): 293-299.
  7. Dube S and M Aisien. “Descriptive studies on Paramphistomes of small domestic ruminants in Southern Nigeria”. Zimbabwe Journal of Science Technology 5 (2010): 12-21.
  8. E Boden. “Sheep and goat practic”. In I. B. (ed.)., Practice Handbook Series, London:: Bailliere Tindall (1991): 272.
  9. Foster AP., et al. “Rumen fluke (paramphistomosis) in British cattle”. Veterinary Record 162 (2008): 528.
  10. Hanson J and Brian P. “The epidemiology, diagnosis and control of helminthes parasites of ruminants”. A hand book, Rome: Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations (1994): 72.
  11. Haridy FM., et al. “Some parasitic flukes infecting farm animals in Al-santa center, gharbia govenorate, Egypt”. Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology 1 (2006): 259-264.
  12. Juyal PD., et al. “Epidemiological status of paramphistomosis in domestic ruminants in Punjab”. Journal of Parasitic Diseases (2003): 231-235.
  13. Juall D., et al. “Epidemiologicalstatus of paramphistomiasis domestic ruminants in Punjab”. Parasites and Diseases (2003): 231-235.
  14. Kanko Adane Seifu Hotessa and Demelash Kalo. “Review on Paramphistomosis”. Advances in Biological Research4 (2020): 184-192.
  15. Kanyari P., et al. “Prevalence and intensity of endoparasites in small ruminants kept by farmers in Kisumu Municipality,Kenya”. Livestock Research for Rural Developmemt 21 (2009): 12-15.
  17. Manna A., et al. “Incidence of paramphistomiasis in West Bengal”. Indian Journal of Animal Health 33 (1994): 87-89.
  18. Melaku S and M Addis. “Prevalence andintensityof Paramphistomum in ruminantsslaughtered at Debre Zeit industrial abattoir”. EthiopiaGlobal Veterinary Journal 3 (2012): 315-319.
  19. , et al. “Prevalence and seasonal incidence of nematode parasites and fluke infections of sheep and goats in eastern Ethiopia”. Tropical Animal Health and Production 39.7 (2007): 521-531.
  20. Mogdy H., et al. “Studies on paraphisstomiasis in ruminants in Kafrelsheikh”. Journal of Veterinary Medicine 10 (2009): 116-136.
  21. Nebi Hayider., et al. “Major trematodes of cattle slaughtered at Hirna municipal Abattoir: Prevalence, associated risk factors and test agreement of sedimentation techniquein Ethiopia”. Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology 4 (2018): 51-57.
  22. Njoku-Tony R and B Nwoko. “Prevalence of paramphistomiasis among sheep slaughtered in some selected abattoirs in IMO state, Nigeria”. Science World Journal 4 (2009): 12-15.
  23. Ozdal NA Gul and S Deger. “Prevalence of paramphistomuminfection in Cattle and sheep in Vanprovince, Turkey”. Helminthologia 47 (2010): 20-24.
  24. Raza M., et al. “Prevalence of Paraphistomum cervi inruminants slaughtered in district Muzaffargarh”. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 29 (2009): 214.
  25. Rolf F and C Boray. “Chemotherapy of paramphistomosis in cattle”. Australia VeterinaryJournal 64 (1987): 148-150.
  26. Sanabria REF and Romero JR. “Review and update of paramphistomosis”. Helminthologia 2 (2008): 64-68.
  27. Skuce J. “Animal health aspects of adaptationto climate change: beating the heat and parasites in a warming Europe”. Animal Health Journal 7 (2013): 333-345.
  28. Sripalwit P., et al. “High annealingtemperature-random amplified polymorphic DNAanalysis of three paramphistome flukes fromThailand”. Parasitology Journal 115 (2007): 98-102.
  29. Thrusfield M. “Veterinary Epidemiology”. In 3rd edition, Black Well Science Ltd. Cambridge, USA (2005): 225-228.
  30. Tsegabirhan Kifleyohannes., et al. “Prevalence of Paramphistomosis in Ruminants in Ashenge, Tigray Ethiopia”. Acta Parasitologica Globalis 2 (2015): 83-86.
  31. Dodangeh S., et al. “Freshwater snails as the intermediate host of trematodes in Iran: a systematic review”. Epidemiology and Health 41 (2019):
  32. Elelu N., et al. “Cross-sectional study of Fasciola gigantica and other trematode infections of cattle in Edu Local Government Area, Kwara State, north-central Nigeria”. Parasites and Vectors 9 (2016):
  33. Gul-E-Nayab G., et al. “Prevalence of gastrointestinal parasite, Paramphistomum in domestic animals (Cows and Buffaloes) of district Swat and Charsadda, KP, Pakistan”. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5 (2017): 907-911.


Citation: Netsa Bekele Sirika., et al. “Prevalence of Paramphistomosis in Ruminants in Gursum District".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.8 (2022): 93-98.


Copyright: © 2022 Netsa Bekele Sirika., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US