Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 8

Feeding effect of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) Pods on Growth Performance in Marwari Goats

Buddha Ram1, Rajesh Nehra2, Subhash Kachhawaha 3*, Dinesh Jain 2 and Basant Bias4

1PG Scholler, Deptt. of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, RAJUVAS, Bikaner-334001 (Raj.), India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, RAJUVAS, Bikaner-334001 (Raj.), India
3SMS (Veterinary Science), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ICAR- CAZRI, Jodhpur-342005 (Raj.), India
4Professor, Department of Livestock Production and Technology, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, RAJUVAS, Bikaner-334001 (Raj.), India

*Corresponding Author: Subhash Kachhawaha, SMS (Veterinary Science), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ICAR- CAZRI, Jodhpur-342005 (Raj.), India.

Received: June 13, 2022; Published: July 13, 2022


Feeding of non-conventional feed stuffs (NCFR) into the feeding system can serve as one of the alternatives in arid region of Rajasthan. Vilayati babul or Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) pods have also been identified as potential non-conventional feed resources. The ripen pods are highly palatable, which are having moderate in crude protein (12%) and rich in free sugar (15-17%) giving sweet taste to it feeding to the animals. The present experimental study was conducted in Marwari goats at Bikaner. In first phase of the study in vitro experiment was carried out using seven treatment groups of dewbean (Moth chara) straw based complete feed containing P. juliflora pods at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30% level of complete feed, respectively in place of equal proportions of de oiled rice bran and barley to decide optimum level of integration of P. juliflora pods in the whole feed. The kids were randomly distributed in two groups viz., control (T1) and treatment (T2). A study was conducted to estimate the efficacy of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) pods as a non conventional feed resource in animal feeding system. The in vitro analysis of complete feeds revealed that the feed containing 20% levels of P. juliflora pods had significantly (P < 0.01) higher values of IVDMD, IVOMD and IVTGP. Thus, this level was selected for in vivo experiment. In the second phase, incorporation of P. juliflora pods in the diet of experimental goat kids at the level of 20% of complete feed significantly (P < 0.05) improved total weight gain and average daily weight gain (P < 0.01) of kids. No significant difference was observed in the values of dry matter intake, organic matter intake and feed conversion ratio of kids between two groups. Therefore, it could be concluded that incorporation of Prosopis juliflora pods in the diet at 20% level in place of DORB and barley had no adverse effect on performance and nutrient utilization.

Keywords: Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora); Goat; Body weight; Feed


  1. Abdullah AY., et al. “Growth performance, carcass and meat characteristics of black goat kids fed sesame hulls and Prosopis juliflora pods”. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences9 (2011): 1217-1226.
  2. Agnihotri MK and Rajkumar V. “Effect of breed, parity and stage of lactation on milk composition of western region goats of India”. International Journal Dairy Science2 (2007): 172-177.
  3. Ali AS., et al. “Effect of feeding Prosopis juliflora pods and leaves on performance and carcass characteristics of Afar sheep”. Kasetsart Journal-Natural Science6 (2012): 871-881.
  4. Beigh YA., et al. “Prospects of complete feed system in ruminant feeding: A review”. Veterinary World4 (2017): 424-437.
  5. Ben Salem H., et al. “Towards better utilization of non -conventional feed sources by sheep and goats in some African and Asian countries”. In: Ben Salem H. (ed.), Nefzaou i A. (ed.), Moran d-Feh r P. (ed.). Nutrition and feeding strategies of sheep and goats under harsh climates. Zaragoza: CIHEAM-IAMZ2-85352 (2004): 177-187.
  6. Eldaw MY. “Nutritional Value of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) Pods and Dietary Effects on Physiological Performance of Sudanese Nubian Goats kids”. (Doctoral dissertation, Sudan University of Science and Technology) (2016).
  7. Girma M., et al. “Ground Prosopis juilflora pods as a feed ingredient in poultry diets: effects on laying performance and egg quality”. International Poultry Science Journal 10 (2011): 879–95.
  8. Hassen M., et al. “Effect of supplementing pounded Prosopis juliflora pods on hematological profiles of Afar goats fed on Panicum antidotale hay”. African Journal of Agricultural Research23 (2017).
  9. Hintsa K., et al. “Utilization of pods of Prosopis juliflora, an invasive tree, as a replacement to concentrate feed for goats in Ethiopia”. Livestock Research for Rural Development1 (2015): 32-35.
  10. Mahgoub O., et al. “Evaluation of Meskit (Prosopis juliflora) pods as a feed for goats”. Animal Feed Science and Technology3-4 (2005): 319-327.
  11. Mooney HA and Cleland EE. “The evolutionary impact of invasive species”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences10 (2001): 5446-5451.
  12. Obeidat BS and Shdaifat MM. “Partial substitution of barley grain with Prosopis juliflora pods in lactating Awassi ewes’ diets: Effect on intake, digestibility, and nursing performance”. Small Ruminant Research1-3 (2013): 50-55.
  13. Obeidat BS., et al. “The effect of partial replacement of barley grains by Prosopis juliflora pods on growth performance, nutrient intake, digestibility, and carcass characteristics of Awassi lambs fed finishing diets”. Animal Feed Science and Technology1-2 (2008): 42-54.
  14. Pereira TCDJ., et al. “Mesquite pod meal in diets for lactating goats 1”. Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia2 (2013): 102-108.
  15. Shelton HM and Gutteridge RC. “Forage tree legumes in tropical agriculture (Editions.)”. Tropical Grassland Society of Australia (1998).
  16. Sirohi AS., et al. “Effect of feeding of Prosopis juliflora supplemented fodder blocks on performance of arid goats”. Veterinary Practitioner 2 (2014): 253-254.
  17. Tesema B., et al. “Effect of Green Prosopis juliflora pods and noug seed (Guizotia obissynica) cake supplementation on digestibility and performance of Blackhead Ogaden sheep fed hay as a basal diet”. Science, Technology and Arts Research Journal2 (2013): 38-47.
  18. Yasin M and Animut G. “Replacing cottonseed meal with ground Prosopis juliflora pods; effect on intake, weight gain and carcass parameters of Afar sheep fed pasture hay basal diet”. Tropical Animal Health and Production6 (2014): 1079-1085.


Citation: Subhash Kachhawaha., et al “Feeding effect of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) Pods on Growth Performance in Marwari Goats".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.8 (2022): 86-92.


Copyright: © 2022 Subhash Kachhawaha., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US