Buddha Ram1, Rajesh Nehra2, Subhash Kachhawaha 3*, Dinesh Jain 2 and Basant Bias4
1PG Scholler, Deptt. of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, RAJUVAS, Bikaner-334001 (Raj.), India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Nutrition, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, RAJUVAS, Bikaner-334001 (Raj.), India
3SMS (Veterinary Science), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ICAR- CAZRI, Jodhpur-342005 (Raj.), India
4Professor, Department of Livestock Production and Technology, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, RAJUVAS, Bikaner-334001 (Raj.), India
*Corresponding Author: Subhash Kachhawaha, SMS (Veterinary Science), Krishi Vigyan Kendra, ICAR- CAZRI, Jodhpur-342005 (Raj.), India.
Received: June 13, 2022; Published: July 13, 2022
Feeding of non-conventional feed stuffs (NCFR) into the feeding system can serve as one of the alternatives in arid region of Rajasthan. Vilayati babul or Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) pods have also been identified as potential non-conventional feed resources. The ripen pods are highly palatable, which are having moderate in crude protein (12%) and rich in free sugar (15-17%) giving sweet taste to it feeding to the animals. The present experimental study was conducted in Marwari goats at Bikaner. In first phase of the study in vitro experiment was carried out using seven treatment groups of dewbean (Moth chara) straw based complete feed containing P. juliflora pods at 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30% level of complete feed, respectively in place of equal proportions of de oiled rice bran and barley to decide optimum level of integration of P. juliflora pods in the whole feed. The kids were randomly distributed in two groups viz., control (T1) and treatment (T2). A study was conducted to estimate the efficacy of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) pods as a non conventional feed resource in animal feeding system. The in vitro analysis of complete feeds revealed that the feed containing 20% levels of P. juliflora pods had significantly (P < 0.01) higher values of IVDMD, IVOMD and IVTGP. Thus, this level was selected for in vivo experiment. In the second phase, incorporation of P. juliflora pods in the diet of experimental goat kids at the level of 20% of complete feed significantly (P < 0.05) improved total weight gain and average daily weight gain (P < 0.01) of kids. No significant difference was observed in the values of dry matter intake, organic matter intake and feed conversion ratio of kids between two groups. Therefore, it could be concluded that incorporation of Prosopis juliflora pods in the diet at 20% level in place of DORB and barley had no adverse effect on performance and nutrient utilization.
Keywords: Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora); Goat; Body weight; Feed
Citation: Subhash Kachhawaha., et al “Feeding effect of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) Pods on Growth Performance in Marwari Goats".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.8 (2022): 86-92.
Copyright: © 2022 Subhash Kachhawaha., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.