Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Conceptual Paper Volume 4 Issue 8

Cytology for Veterinary Clinicians - An Introductory Note

Ravindran R and Varun Bassessar*

Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University, Rampura Phul, Bathinda, Punjab, India

*Corresponding Author: Varun Bassessar, Department of Veterinary Pathology, College of Veterinary Science, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Science University, Rampura Phul, Bathinda, Punjab, India.

Received: May 26, 2022; Published:


Cytology (also known as cytopathology) was established as a diagnostic technique in 1960’s and involves examining cells from bodily tissues or fluids to determine a diagnosis. Over the following decades it has branched out to other fields of medicine. Routine diagnostic tests of hematology, clinical biochemistry along with clinical examination many a times fail to give a definitive diagnosis. The cytological examinations not only help in disease diagnosis but also have it has prognostic value. Diagnostic cytology is classified into two major branches viz., exfoliative cytology and interventional cytology [1]. Exfoliative cytology is the study of cells naturally shed in body fluids and later examined under the microscope with or without centrifugation. Whereas Interventional cytology involves the intervention with the animal’s body like fine needle aspiration to get a sample. At times, diagnostic cytology may not reveal a definitive diagnosis and thus has to be complemented with histopathology as a gold standard [7].



  1. Alleman AR and Bain PJ. “Diagnostic neoplasia: The cytologic criteria for malignancy”. Veterinary Medicine 95 (2000): 204-223.
  1. Meinkoth JH and Cowell RL. “Sample collection and preparation in cytology: Increasing diagnostic yield. In: Cowell RL (Ed) Cytology part I”. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice 32 (2002): 1187-1207.
  2. Raskin RE and Meyer DJ. “Canine and Feline Cytology, A Color Atlas and Interpretation Guide, 2nd edition”. Saunders Elsevier, St. Louis, MO (2010).
  3. Ayele L., et al. “Review on Diagnostic Cytology: Techniques and Applications in Veterinary Medicine”. Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology 8 (2017): 408.
  4. Steven I., et al. “Foundation of Diagnostic Cytology”. Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science 38 (2008): 296-299.
  5. Christopher MM., et al. “Use of cytology as a diagnostic method in veterinary practice and assessment of communication between veterinary practitioners and veterinary clinical pathologists”. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 232 (2008): 747-754.
  6. Ghisleni G., et al. “Correlation between fine-needle aspiration cytology and histopathology in the evaluation of cutaneous and subcutaneous masses from dogs and cats”. Veterinary Clinical Pathology 35 (2006): 24-30.


Citation: Ravindran R and Varun Bassessar. “Cytology for Veterinary Clinicians - An Introductory Note". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.6 (2022): 42-45.


Copyright: © 2022 Ravindran R and Varun Bassessar. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is May 30, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US