Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 7

Brood Stock Development, Breeding and Larval Rearing of Three Spotted Frog Fish (Lophiocharon Trisignatus Richardson, 1844) in Captivity

Arun Aloysius* and Jaime Sanchez Camara

Department of Curatorial, Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo, United Arab Emirates

*Corresponding Author: Arun Aloysius, Department of Curatorial, Dubai Aquarium and Underwater Zoo, United Arab Emirates.

Received: May 26, 2022; Published: June 24, 2022


trisignatus) together with live food for three spotted frog fish larvae. Breeding of three spotted frogfish was attempted using four feeds such as freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii), vannamei shrimp (Litpopenaues vannamei), white baits and capelin. Frog fishes fed with with vannamei, freshwater prawn and white baits released mass of unfertilized eggs, which settled at tank bottom. Frog fishes fed with capelin had eggs attached to the dorsal side of female frogfish after successful mating. It was found that capelin had positive effects on breeding. Fecundity of frog fish was 66. Eggs were white in colour for first two days and later changed to dark colour. The eggs started hatching after a period of twenty five days and hatching was completed in 25 days. Hatchlings were black in colour and had clearly visible orange red coloured yolk sac. Hatchlings mostly stayed at the bottom of the tank and had rare upward swimming movements. Yolk sac absorption was complete in one week. Frog fish juveniles were fed with enriched artemia nauplii for first one week after yolk absorption. As the babies started growing, they were fed with two days old artemia naulplii and later with adult artemia. This study showed the importance of feed in successful breeding of three spotted frog fishes and successful larval rearing was done with live artemia. Breeding of frog fishes will help to increase the trade in aquarium industry by conserving the wild stock.

Keywords: Frogfish; Fresh Water Prawn; White Baite; Vannamei; Capelin; Artemia; Enriched Artemia Nauplii


  1. Domínguez LM and Botella ÁS. “An overview of marine ornamental fish breeding as a potential support to the aquarium trade and to the conservation of natural fish populations”. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning 9 (2014): 608-632.
  2. Frog fish, Southeast Asia, Maldives, Red sea, Teresa (Zubi) Zuberbuhler.
  3. Nutrition and Reproduction in Fish, Author links open overlay panel HeleneVolkoff SydneyLondon. Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John’s, NL, Canada. Reference Module in Life Sciences, Encyclopedia of Reproduction (Second Edition) 6 (2018): 743-748
  4.  Hugurenin JE and Colt J. “Design and operating guide for aquaculture seawater systems”. Elsevier, Amsterdam (1992): 264.
  7. Bengtson David., et al. “Use of Artemia as a food source for aquaculture”. Artemia Biology (1991): 29.
  8. Concentrations of total protein, lipid and carbohydrate in juveniles and sub adults of the prawn Macrobrachium malcolmsonii collected from the Cauvery river
  9. P Saravana Bhavan., et al. “Department of Zoology, Bharathiar University, Coimbatore 641 046Tamilnadu, India.
  10. Pisal Sriket A., et al. “Comparative studies on chemical composition and termal properties of black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) and white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) meats”. Food Chemistry 4 (2007): 1199-1207. a Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Agro-Industry, Prince of Songkla University, 15 Kanchanawanich Road, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand. b National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Science and Technology Development Agency, 113 Phaholyothin Road, Klong 1, Klong Luang, Pathumthani 12120, Thailand.
  11. Susan A. Payne., et al. “Proximate composition of some north Eastern pacific forage fish species. Alaska Fisheries Science Centre, National Marine Fisheries Service, PO Box 1638, Kodiak, AK 99615, USA.


Citation: Arun Aloysius and Jaime Sanchez Camara. “Brood Stock Development, Breeding and Larval Rearing of Three Spotted Frog Fish (Lophiocharon Trisignatus Richardson, 1844) in Captivity". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.7 (2022): 122-127.


Copyright: © 2022 Arun Aloysius and Jaime Sanchez Camara. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

Contact US