Tesfaye Engida Debir*
Department of Animal Sciences, Ambo University, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Tesfaye Engida Debir, Department of Animal Sciences, Ambo University, Ethiopia.
Received: December 13, 2021; Published: June 20, 2022
In the intensive livestock production systems, with decrease in grazing land and intensification of agriculture, the animal feeds are most likely to be contaminated with pesticides, drug, feed additives, dioxins, radionuclide, heavy metals, bacterial, fungal mycotoxin contaminants and residues. The feeds and fodders are cultivated in lands which are devoid of heavy metals, radionuclide, industrial wastes, dioxins and other contaminants. The feeds are to be protected from bacterial and fungal contamination from the time of harvest till the animals consume it. The newer feed ingredients are to be used only after they are tested free from anti-nutritional factors, contaminants or toxins. Organic foods are gaining importance for human of avoiding contaminant, pesticide, drug and any residues in the livestock products. As the contaminants can enter the food chain at any stage of livestock production system, a collective and concerted effort is required from agriculture, animal husbandry, feed industry, animal production and food industry experts to give quality and safe foods and free from any contaminant to the consumers. Presence of any residues in feeds and fodders affect the feed intake, nutrient utilization and consequently the production and health of the animals. Some contaminant chemicals undergo biotransformation and are degraded into a variety of metabolites to be stored as residues in body tissues and fluids of animals which are causing some health problem when used for the human consumption.
Keywords: Feed Additives; Toxins; Residues; Contaminants; Productivities
Citation: Tesfaye Engida Debir. “Feed Additives, Residues and Contaminants in Animal Health and Productivities: A Review". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.7 (2022): 82-87.
Copyright: © 2022 Tesfaye Engida Debir. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.