Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, PV Narsimha Rao Telangana Veterinary University, India
*Corresponding Author: Anilkumar Banothu, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, PV Narsimha Rao Telangana Veterinary University, India.
Received: March 21, 2022; Published: June 01, 2022
Antibiotics are used for the prevention of growth and multiplication of bacteria, virus fungi and parasites which are responsible for derailment of human and animal health. Alexander Fleming invented Penicillin in the year of 1927 while working on Straphylococcus aureus culture at St. marry hospital, Landon and paved pathway for the subsequent inventions of other groups of antibiotics like Tetracyclines, Macrolides, Aminoglycosides, Fluroquinalones etc., Antimicrobial agents are classified according to their mechanism of action as ‘Bactericidal agents’ which interference the cell wall synthesis (or) DNA synthesis (or) RNA synthesis (or) interfering cell membrane function, and ‘Bacteriostatic agents’ which are capable of inhibiting growth and multiplication of bacteria by interfering protein synthesis (or) inhibition of metabolic pathways, etc. Meanwhile, bacteria may become resistant to these drugs by antibiotic inactivation, target modification, development of efflux pump and plasmidic efflux. AMR is defined as “unresponsiveness” of microorganism to antimicrobial agents after unscrupulous administration of antibiotics to the animals.
Citation: Anilkumar Banothu. “Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) and Alternatives in Animal Practice". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.7 (2022): 01-03.
Copyright: © 2022 Anilkumar Banothu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.