Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 6

Effect of Varying Levels of Cinnamon Powder on Heamatological and Serum Biochemistry Indices of Noiler Chickens

Adedeji OS, Oyetoro BA*, Ojediran TK, Omotayo OV and Ifanegan OD

Department of Animal Nutrition and Biotechnology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Oyetoro BA, Department of Animal Nutrition and Biotechnology, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Nigeria.

Received: May 16, 2022; Published: May 27, 2022

Abstract

The effect of cinnamon powder on the haematological and serum biochemical indicators of noiler chicken was investigated. A total of 180 noiler chicks were randomly assigned to six dietary treatments in a Completely Randomized Design (CRD), each treatment was divided into three replicates of 10 birds each. Six experimental diets were formed, with 0g of cinnamon powder in the control diet (T1), 0.5g, 1.0g, 1.5g, 2.0g, and 2.5g of cinnamon powder supplementation in 4 litters of water in T2, T3, T4, T5, and T6 respectively.

The experimental diets were fed to the birds for 12 weeks. Data on haematological and serum biochemistry indices were gathered. All replicates had blood samples taken for examination. Blood was drawn from the chicken via venipuncture of the wing vein and placed in two sets of bijou bottles. Ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic acid (EDTA anti-coagulant) is present in the first set of bottles, but EDTA is absent in the second set.

Red Blood Cells (RBC), White Blood Cells (WBC), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Lymphocytes, Heamoglobin (Hb), Means Corpuscular Volume (MCV) were data collected on haematological parameters while the Total Protein (TP), Albumin (ALB), Globulin (GLO), Cholesterol (CHO), Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST), Alkaline Phosphate (ALP), Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) were collected for serum biochemistry evaluation. The results showed that cinnamon supplementation had a significant impact on all blood parameters (p < 0.05).

The dietary regimens and blood profile markers examined showed substantial differences. The improved white blood cell (233.53 x 103 μL), red blood cell (2.86 x 106 μL), mean corpuscular haemoglobin (34.08pg), and lymphocytes (222.45%) showed that up to 2.5g of cinnamon powder can be included in Noiler chicken’s diet.

Keywords: Noiler; Cinnamon Powder; Haematology; Serum; Chicken; Biochemistry

References

  1. Aboki E., et al. “Productivity and Technical Efficiency of Family Poultry Production in Kurmi local Government Area of Taraba State, Nigeria”. Journal of Agriculture and Sustainability1 (2013): 52-66.
  2. Ali MSM., et al. “Physiological responses and productive performance of broiler chicks fed diets supplemented with different levels of cinnamon powder”. Egyptian Poultry Science4 (2018): 1171-1184.
  3. Al-Kassie GA. “Influence of two plant extracts derived from thyme and cinnamon on broiler performance”. Pakistan Veterinary Journal4 (2009): 169-173.
  4. Allain CC., et al. “Enzymatic determinations of total serum cholesterol”. Clinical Chemistry 4 (1974): 470-475.
  5. Chang ST., et al. “Anti-bacterial activity of leaf essential oils and their constituents from Cinnamon osmophloeum”. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 77 (2001): 123-127.
  6. Chang ST., et al. “Methods for thermal stability enhancement of leaf essential oils and their main constituents from indigenous Cinnamon (C. osmophloeum)”. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry26 (2013): 693-698.
  7. Ciftci M., et al. “Effects of dietary antibiotic and cinnamon oil supplementation on antioxidant enzyme activities, cholesterol levels and fatty acid compositions of serum and meat in broiler chickens”. Acta Veterinary 79 (2010): 33-40.
  8. Coles EH. “Veterinary Clinical Pathology (4th Edition)”. W.B. Sunders Company, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Incorporation (1986).
  9. Dacie JV. “Practical Haematology. 7th Edition”. Churchil Livingstone, London England (1991): 556.
  10. Doumas BT and Biggs HG. “Determination of serum albumin”. Standard Methods Clinical Chemistry 7 (1972): 175-88.
  11. Doumas BT., et al. “Candidate reference method for determination of total protein in serum 1 development and validation”. Clinical Chemistry 27 (1981): 1642-1650.
  12. Google Earth Map. “Geographical location of Lautech, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria” (2021).
  13. Guo FC. “Mushroom and herb polysaccharides as alternative for antimicrobial growth promoters in poultry”. Ph. D Dissertation, Wageningen University, The Netherlands (2003).
  14. Homseng C., et al. “Use of cinnamon in diet of broiler chicken”. Livestock Research International2 (2018): 42-27.
  15. Huang CT., et al. “Induction of apoptosis by cinnamaldehyde from indigenous cinnamon (Cinnamomum osmophloeum) Kaneh through reactive oxygen species production, glutathione depletion, and caspase activation in human leukaemia K562 cells”. Food Chemistry2 (2007): 434-443.
  16. Isabel B and Santos Y. “Effects of dietary organic acids and essential oils on growth performance and carcass characteristics of broiler chickens”. Journal of Applied Poultry Research, 18 (2009): 472-476.
  17. Jain NC., et al. “Schalm’s veterinary hematology. 5th edition”. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger (2000): 538.
  18. Jakhetia V., et al. “Cinnamon: A pharmacological review”. Journal of Advanced Scientific Research 1 (2010): 19-23.
  19. Kaplan A and Szabo LL. “Conical chemistry interpretation and techniques. 2nd edition”. Lea and Ferbiger, Philadelphia (1983): 313-314.
  20. Koochaksaraie RR., et al. “The effect of cinnamon powder feeding on some blood metabolite in broiler chicks”. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science3 (2011): 197-202.
  21. Mehdi T., et al. “Evaluation of cinnamon and garlic as antibiotic growth promoter substitutions on performance, immune responses, serum biochemical and heamatological parameters in broiler chicks”. Livestock Science1-3 (2015): 167-173.
  22. “SAS. Users guide statistical analysis incorporation, 9.8 ed. Cary”. North Carolina (2009).
  23. Sura SOK. “Effect of Ceylon cinnamon (Cinnamomum Zeylanicum) powder on some physiological parameters in broiler chicks”. Journal of Global Pharma Technology7 (2018): 236-242.
  24. Talib KH., et al. “The effects of cinnamon powder feeding on some blood aspects and performance of broiler chicken”. Kufa Journal for Veterinary Medical Sciences1 (2015): 271-282.
  25. “Noiler - The Hybrid of Broiler and Cockerel (2019).
  26.  

Citation

Citation: Oyetoro BA., et al. “Effect of Varying Levels of Cinnamon Powder on Heamatological and Serum Biochemistry Indices of Noiler Chickens". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.6 (2022): 70-74.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Oyetoro BA., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In





News and Events


Contact US