Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 6

Histopathology, Coprology and Bacteriological Survey of Tilapia Fish in Jos Plateau State, Nigeria

Barde Israel Joshua*, Bot Ruth Bulus, Ishaku Leo Elisha, Leo Shedua Nyam, Isa Suleiman, Abubakar Sadiq Abubakar, Shekaro Audu, Lot Logyang Emmanuel, Ugbe Aondona Dominic, Barde Dorcas Jummai, Ladan, Adamu Aliyu, Ngulukun Sati Samuel, Anjili Ibrahim Waziri, Arinze Samuel Chukwuemeka and Chabiri Ladi Amos

Veterinary Pathology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute Vom Plateau State, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Barde Israel Joshua, Veterinary Pathology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute Vom Plateau State, Nigeria.

Received: April 11, 2022 Published: May 19, 2022

Abstract

Background: Tilapia fish is commonly consumed in Jos metropolis of Plateau State Nigeria. Consumed tilapia can cause diseases to the consumers when polluted with harmful chemicals or invaded by diseases caused by bacteria and parasites of zoonotic importance.

Aim: The study was carried out to access the histopathology, coprology and bacteriology survey of apparently healthy tilapia.

Results: Parasitology findings had 29 (58%) of the 50 samples identified with one intestinal parasite, 4 (8%) were detected with two intestinal parasites and 17 (34%) were free from any intestinal parasites. Some of the parasites found include Eimeria vanasi, eggs of Dipylidium caninum, eggs of Taenia spp, Ascaris lumbricoides, eggs of Schistosoma, etc. Microbiological findings record for gills has percentage of 35 (70%) for Aeromonas spp, 13 (26%) for Bacillus spp and 2 (4%) for Proteus spp. While 15 (30%) were identified with as Aeromonas spp 30 (66%) with Escherichia coli (E. coli) and 2 (4%) were identified with Proteus spp for the intestinal contents of the 50 tilapia samples. This shows that certain microorganisms affect apparently healthy tilapia even as tilapia appear healthy as observed in the histopathological findings with absolutely no lesions to pose threat to consumers or farmers. The heavy load of parasites (Taenia and Ascaris species) and bacteria (Escherichia coli) found in this study are zoonotic, implies that these organisms are of veterinary and public health importances. Fish Farmers and consumers are to observe serious biosecurity/biosafety measure by avoiding poor sanitation, roast or cook tilapia to inactive or eliminate the loads of this organisms before eating the Tilapia fish. Awareness should be given to emphasize the importance of these microorganisms to the health of the fish, man and his environment.

Keywords: Tilapia Fish; Histology; Coprology; Bacteriology

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Citation

Citation: Barde Israel Joshua., et al. “Histopathology, Coprology and Bacteriological Survey of Tilapia Fish in Jos Plateau State, Nigeria". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.6 (2022): 12-17.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Barde Israel Joshua., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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