Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 6

Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Broilers Slaughtered at Bukuru Live Bird Market of Jos South Local Government Plateau State Nigeria

Barde Israel Joshua1*, Habila Stephen Luka1, Ishaku Leo Elisha1, Leo Shedua Nyam1, Isa Suleiman1, Rimfa Amos Gambo1, Shekaro Audu1, Ahmed James Saidu1, Ugbe Aondona Dominic1, Barde Dorcas Jummai2, Dashe Yakubu Gunya1 and Ngulukun Sati Samuel1

1Veterinary Pathology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute Vom Plateau, Nigeria
2Nassarawa State University Keffi Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Barde Israel Joshua, Veterinary Pathology Division, National Veterinary Research Institute Vom Plateau, Nigeria.

Received: April 11, 2022 Published: May 19, 2022

Abstract

Broiler is any chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) that is bred and raised specifically for meat production. Comparatively, they are characterised by fast growth rates, high feed conversion ratio and low levels of activity. They reach slaughter weights between 4 to 7 weeks. Commercial broilers are subjected to very strenuous conditions before slaughter which includes , overcrowding in crates during transportation, deprivation of feed and water. Haematology helps in examination of cellular and fluid protein of blood. However, the serum is the component that is neither a blood cell nor a clotting factor but a part of blood like water that contains substances called antibodies that fight disease. This study seeks to ascertain the health and physiological status of these birds at the time of slaughter by analysing their blood and serum biochemistry. Fifty commercial broiler chickens were randomly selected at the Bukuru live bird market of Jos south Local Government Area in Plateau State, Nigeria. The haematological parameters of the chickens were PCV 27-42%,RBC 2.2-4.0 × 106 μl, WBC 1.0-9.5 × 103μl L 20.50 and all the values were within normal range. Similarly, all the serum biochemical values in this study were wthin normal range for broiler chickens. This signifies that the broilers slaughtered in the study area are apparently healthy and fit for consumption. We recommend humane handling of these birds and improved sanitary conditions at the slaughter premises.

Keywords: Broiler; Haematology; Serum-Biochemistry; Jos; Nigeria

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Citation

Citation: Barde Israel Joshua., et al. “Haematological and Serum Biochemical Parameters of Broilers Slaughtered at Bukuru Live Bird Market of Jos South Local Government Plateau State Nigeria". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.6 (2022): 05-11.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Barde Israel Joshua., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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