Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 5

A Monograph on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) and Alternatives Strategies to Counter AMR

Anilkumar Banothu*

Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad

*Corresponding Author: Anilkumar Banothu, Assistant Professor, Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary Science, Rajendranagar, Hyderabad.

Received: March 29, 2022; Published: April 29, 2022

Abstract

Antimicrobial agents have been used in human beings, livestock and aquatic animals for life saving against the various disease caused by the infectious organisms like bacteria, viruses, parasites, fungus and cancerous cells since Second World War. Over a period of time, many antimicrobial agents have been invented by scientists and at the same time organism also started to develop resistance to the existed antimicrobial agents which happened due to mainly misuse or inappropriate usage of antimicrobial agents. Nontherapeutic usage of antibiotics also leads to the development of superbugs that are resistant to many of the existing antibiotics. Further, mutation of gene within the bacteria and passing the resistant (R) gene through horizontal gene transfer could viable method for the contribution of development of resisntance. In this monograph discussed the genetical and biochemical mechanism of development of resistance by the bacteria and also delineate alternative strategies likes use of phytochemicals, probiotics, biofilm breakers, vaccine, antimicrobial peptide, nano particles, monoclonal antibodies, quarum quencher, anti peristance, lantibiotics, etc., are the possibilities to counter antimicrobial resistance.

Keywords: Monograph; Antimicrobial Resistancel; Alternatives Strategies; AMR

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Citation

Citation: Anilkumar Banothu. “A Monograph on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) and Alternatives Strategies to Counter AMR".Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.5 (2022): 95-101.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Anilkumar Banothu. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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Acceptance rate35%
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Impact Factor1.008

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