Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 4 Issue 5

Global Warming: A Threat to Arctic Mammals

Purva Sharan1, Pankaj Kumar Singh2, Ajay Valiyaveettil Salimkumar3* and Adarsh Jayanth AB4

1,2Bachelor of Fisheries Science, College of Fisheries, Dholi, India
3Department of Marine Resource and Management, University of Bordeaux, France
4Bachelor of Fisheries Science, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangad, Kochi, Kerala, India

*Corresponding Author: Ajay Valiyaveettil Salimkumar, Department of Marine Resource and Management, University of Bordeaux, France.

Received: April 13, 2022 Published: April 29, 2022

Abstract

Climate change is a long term phenomenon, several changes observed in the climate of earth since 20th century are because of anthropogenic activities that includes burning of fossil fuels that increases the level of heat trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and it is raising earth’s average surface temperature. The Arctic has a rich biodiversity and provides shelter to numerous plants and animals including human population of around four million. It also helps in balancing our world’s climate. However, global warming due to anthropogenic activities is increasing the Arctic temperature by melting the sea ice. The root cause of this warming is the rise in concentration of greenhouse gases and the deposition of soot on Arctic ice. This temperature is increasing at a rate twice the global average and it has been estimated by some experts that ocean will rise by 23 feet by 2100 also it will lead to starvation of polar bears which indicates a major threat to Arctic’s flora and fauna as well as a matter of concern. As per the report of NSIDC major drop in arctic sea ice was seen in satellite record on 17th September 2012 that is 3.39 million square kilometres. The average data for extension in the entire month of September 2012 was 3.57 million square kilometres. Changes in the arctic climate is a serious matter of concern for whole world because arctic acts as refrigerator for the entire world – it helps to cool the planet. Changes encountered in the arctic environment may also have effects that falls through the food chain, from phytoplankton to mammals. Hence, the aim of this article is mainly focused on impacts of climate change on Arctic mammals and the steps taken to save this polar habitat.

Keywords: Global Warming; Arctic Mammals; Climate Change

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Citation

Citation: Ajay Valiyaveettil Salimkumar., et al. “Global Warming: A Threat to Arctic Mammals". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.5 (2022): 86-91.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Ajay Valiyaveettil Salimkumar., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

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