Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Opinion Volume 4 Issue 5

Effect of Medicinal plants Extract on Gut Microbial Flora of Broilers and Ammonia Emission in Poultry Litter

Rao Hamza Khalid*

Department of DVM, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Rao Hamza Khalid, Department of DVM, PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan.

Received: March 21, 2022; Published: April 22, 2022


The poultry industry is one of the huge and swiftest growing based industries of world. Poultry industry however, due to huge quantity of litter and manure may cause severe environmental issues. The manure comprise enormous amount of urease producing microbes. Urease enzyme break urea and produce ammonia. This ammonia leads to acidification and eutrophication. Ammonia is one of the most toxic gas that cause major problems in broiler shades. Ammonia is responsible for respiratory tracts disease in broilers. Broiler are sensitive to ammonia. Prolong exposure of birds to ammonia may lead to blindness. If the level increase from (50 to 100ppm) may lead to Keratoconjunctivitis. Ammonia is colorless gas, alkaline in nature and irritating smell easily soluble in water, produced from nitrogenous waste of birds in poultry shades due to urease producing bacterial activity. Ammonia also has bacteriosidal activity mean it kill bacteria in poultry litter, but it adversely affects bird’s growth rate and other regulatory performance. The word poultry litter is the mixture of wasted feeds, waste material, excretion, bedding material and feather that cover the surface of poultry houses. The bedding material use in poultry shades includes rice hulls, straw, wood shaving, and sand has been also use as bedding material.



Citation: Rao Hamza Khalid. “Effect of Medicinal plants Extract on Gut Microbial Flora of Broilers and Ammonia Emission in Poultry Litter". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.5 (2022): 62-65.


Copyright: © 2022 Rao Hamza Khalid. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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