Prevalence and Pathological Investigation of Gastrointestinal Parasitic Infection
among Goats Affected with Diarrhoea
Ritesh Limbat, Mamta Kumari*, Anita Rathore, Poonam and Gunjan
Department of Pathology, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Science,
*Corresponding Author: Mamta Kumari, Department of Pathology, Rajasthan
University of Veterinary and Animal Science, Bikaner, India.
March 14, 2022; Published: April 08, 2022
One of the major causes of gastrointestinal pathologies in small ruminants is parasites. The present study was conducted to explore the prevalence of parasitic infection in Goats and the associated gross and histopathological changes. Faecal samples of diarrhoeic goats were analysed and were found positive for strongly sp. (35.29%), Amphistomes sp. (14.7%), Trichuris sp. (17.64%), Monteria sp. (5.88%), Coccidia sp. (14.70%) and mixed infections. Gross and histopathological examination of Goats died with a history of diarrhoea revealed presence of Paraamphistomes spp., Haemonchus contortus, and Coccidia spp. Pathological studies revealed that there was no difference in prevalence of diarrhoeic condition according to age and sex. The major changes were observed in abomasum, intestine and liver. Grossly, the organs were congested, haemorrhagic and oedematous and microscopically, congestion, oedema, haemorrhages and infiltration of leucocytes including few neutrophils and mainly macrophages were evident in the mucosa and submucosa. In case of coccidiosis, different developmental stages of coccidian oocysts were present in the intestinal epithelium, along with infiltration of leucocytes.
Keywords: Diarrhoeic Goats; Parasites; Helminthes; Haemonchus; Amphistomes; Coccidia; Strongyles; Gross Lesions; Histopathological Lesions
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<p><strong>Keywords: </strong>Diarrhoeic Goats; Parasites; Helminthes; Haemonchus; Amphistomes; Coccidia; Strongyles; Gross Lesions; Histopathological Lesions</p>