Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 6

Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dog Handlers, Dog Meat Consumers and Risk Factors of brucellosis for Dogs and Handlers in North Central Nigeria

Momoh-Abdullateef Habiba*, Enem Simon Ikechukwu, Egwu Godwin Onyemaechi, Ijale Gabriel Ogbaji, Madubuike Stella, Olaolu Olushola Samuel and Ogbu Kenneth Ikejiofor

Department of Animal Health, Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Momoh-Abdullateef Habiba, Department of Animal Health, Federal College of Animal Health and Production Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom, Plateau State, Nigeria, Nigeria.

Received: February 24, 2022; Published: May 27, 2022

Abstract

The increase in dog ownership in Nigeria and in the North Central region in particular is associated with some risk factors that render them vulnerable to brucellosis. Many exotic breeds of dog are not screened before being imported into the country and the probability of importing Brucella species infected dogs is therefore high. This study was undertaken to determine the level of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of dog handlers, dog meat consumers and risk factors for dogs and handlers in North Central Nigeria by means of a structured questionnaire. Five hundred and fifty respondents were interviewed and 550 sera samples collected from dogs presented by these respondents were analyzed using the RBPT. The seropositivity of 239(43.45%) obtained by the RBPT was compared with information provided by the respondents. Seropositivity of dogs managed indoor was 49(25.26%) whereas it was 190(53.37%) in those managed outdoor. A large proportion 296(53.82%) of the respondents lacked knowledge of canine brucellosis. Likewise, 426(77.45%) of the respondents took no precaution before and after handling and large proportion of 286(52%) consumed undercooked dog meat. The study shows that there is a high risk of exposure of dog owners, handlers and Veterinarians to the disease and therefore enlightenment programs on brucellosis as a zoonosis should be carried out in North central Nigeria.

Keywords: Dog Handlers; Seropositivity; Structured Questionnaire; North Central Nigeria; Brucellosis; Enlightenment

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Citation

Citation: Momoh-Abdullateef Habiba., et al. “Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Dog Handlers, Dog Meat Consumers and Risk Factors of brucellosis for Dogs and Handlers in North Central Nigeria". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.6 (2022): 89-95.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Momoh-Abdullateef Habiba., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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