Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 4

Understanding the Morphology and Lifecycle of a Newly Reported Microscopic Thysanosoma/ Thysaneizia Species from a Cattle Calf in Kashmir Valley (A Discovery)

Altaf Ahmad Reshi1*, Hidayatullah Tak1, KH Bulbul2 and Zahoor Ahmad Wani2

1Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir, Hazartbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India
2Division of Veterinary Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, SKUAST-Kashmir, Shuhama, Ganderbal, India

*Corresponding Author: Altaf Ahmad Reshi, Department of Zoology, University of Kashmir, Hazartbal, Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Received: March 07, 2022; Published: March 18, 2022

Abstract

The aim of the present study was actually to examine the cattle faecal samples for eimerian oocysts to record their epidemiology. During the study one particular faecal sample from a calf in Ganderbal district of Kashmir valley showed some unique structures and changes in eimerian oocysts. The sample was then repeatedly collected on different dates from July 2021 to September 2021 to observe the changes and to note the unique structures. The particular sample was prepared by modified magnetic stirring technique in addition to normal salt floatation technique and revealed some amazing giant structures, which were photographed and their features recorded. The new technique had profound effect in revealing the features of the observed structures. On microscopic examination, enlarged moneizia type eggs, Trematode like larval stages, cestode like proglottids, fringed borders at certain stage and Taenia like adult with knob, rostellum but without hooks, neck and highly asymmetric adult body were observed which were bigger to their usual size using the new magnetic stirring technique. After thorough and repeated examination of different samples, it was observed that the organism is a new microscopic cestode species commonly known as fringe worms belonging to the order Anoplocephalidae, family Thysanosomidae, Genus Thysanosoma or Thysaneizia but seems to be the intermediate between Trematoda and Eucestoda. The new species as per its shape, morphology and understanding of the features has been named as Thysanosoma/Thysaniezia camellia (T. camellia).However in the present study it was not clear whether the worm should be categorized in the genus Thysaneizia or Thysanosoma though showing features more of the Thysanosoma. No sexual dimorphism could be reported in the present study. The worm reproduces by parthenogenesis and like other trematodes polyembryony is present in various larval stages.

Keywords: Life Cycle; Morphology; Thysanosoma; New Species; Cattle; Kashmir Valley

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Citation

Citation: Altaf Ahmad Reshi., et al. “Understanding the Morphology and Lifecycle of a Newly Reported Microscopic Thysanosoma/Thysaneizia Species from a Cattle Calf in Kashmir Valley (A Discovery)”.Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.4 (2022): 68-74.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Altaf Ahmad Reshi., et al This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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