Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 3

Identification and Antibiogram of Mastitis Pathogens Isolated from Bovine and Caprine Clinical Mastitis in Wayanad District- Kerala

Ranjini Manuel1* and Deepa P.M2

1,2 Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Science University, Pookode, Kerala, India

*Corresponding Author: Ranjini Manuel, Department of Veterinary Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Kerala Veterinary and Animal Science University, Pookode, Kerala, India.

Received: February 21, 2022; Published: February 28, 2022

Abstract

The present study included 30 milk samples from animals affected with clinical mastitis for antibiotic sensitivity tests from TVCC, Pookode, and Ambulatory clinic in Wayanad. 18 were bovine milk samples and 12 were goat milk samples. Most of the cases were presented with swelling in the udder, yellowish milk, flakes of pus, serosanguinous discharge, fibrosis of the udder, low milk yield, and edema. Based on the culture and biochemical characteristics, the organism was identified. Out of 30 samples, 13 (43.33percent) was positive for staphylococcus aureus, 7(23.33%) samples for streptococcus agalactiae, 3(10%) samples for E coli, 2 (6.66%) samples for Enterobacter, 1(3.33%) sample for klebsiella, rest 4(13.33%) samples had no growth. Antibiotic sensitivity test showed 66.66 percent samples were sensitive to ceftriaxone/tazobactam, 63.33 percent samples sensitive to cefoperazone, 56.66 percent samples sensitive to enrofloxacin, 53.33 percent samples sensitive to Amoxicillin-clavulanate, 50 percent samples sensitive to tetracycline, 40 percent samples sensitive to gentamicin, 26.66 percent samples sensitive to ceftizoxime, 20 percent samples sensitive to co-trimazole and Amoxicillin. The results of the present study demonstrated the growing resistance of frequently used antimicrobials in the case of mastitis.

Keywords: Clinical Mastitis; Identification; Antibiotic Sensitivity; Antibiogram; Bovine Mastitis; Caprine Mastitis

References

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  • Citation

    Citation: Ranjini Manuel and Deepa PM. “Identification and Antibiogram of Mastitis Pathogens Isolated from Bovine and Caprine Clinical Mastitis in Wayanad District- Kerala". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.3 (2022): 02-07.

    Copyright

    Copyright: © 2022 Ranjini Manuel and Deepa PM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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