Review on Water Purification by Using Moringa Oleifera Seed
Muhammad Nouman Azam1*, M Ali Nawaz2 and Hassan Aziz2
1Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan
2Department of Food Science PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan
*Corresponding Author: Muhammad Nouman Azam, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
January 18, 2022; Published: February 21, 2022
Impure water leads to several ailments in humans, animals, and poultry. Water stored in tanks at farms becomes impure due to development of algae and other toxicities. There is also another method of water purification by using Moringa Oleifera seed. The water-soluble proteins extracted from Moringa Oleifera (MO) seeds was investigated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) in the dry state, as well as circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. FTIR and CD spectra show that the secondary protein structure is dominated by αs-helix. The FTIR spectrum recorded two separate and strong absorption belts at 1656 cm - 1 and 1542 cm - 1, in a standard list of protein absorption proteins. Changes in solution pH affected the formation of the second largest protein only at pH values above 10, as shown by the CD spectra, while ionic energy had a small effect. The main objective of this review was to investigate the efficacy of extracting of Moringa Oleifera seeds in three ways: simple wrapping, oil extraction, and protein separation. This leads to an increase in efficiency in determining water with low turbidity. In addition, the new bio-coagulant faced the limit of previous research, namely the loading of organic compounds into water after the Moringa Oleifera seed mixing process. This method brings many benefits compared to others, in particular, the use of chemicals, low cost, easy to use but equally effective and safe for health. In addition, a paired t-test used to compare a set of pre-treatment and post-COD treatment data with the success of turbidity removal was significant (p <0.05) at the three sites examined.
Keywords: Bio-Coagulant; Protein-Fractionation; Turbidity; Moringa Oleifera ; A-Helix; PH Value; Pulverization
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