Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Effect of Replacing Soybean with Pigeon Pea on Growth Performance and Meat Quality

Victoria Singano*, Katimosi Kutsanda, Rebecca Mbeta and Jonathan Tanganyika*

Department of Animal Science, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources (LUANAR), Malawi

*Corresponding Author: Victoria Singano and Jonathan Tanganyika, Department of Animal Science, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources (LUANAR), Malawi

Received: January 25, 2022; Published: February 18, 2022

Abstract

  A study to assess the effect of replacing Soybean with Pigeon pea on growth performance, meat quality and sensory characteristics of Malawian Indigenous Muscovy ducks was conducted at Bunda Campus of the Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources (LUANAR). The study used forty-two (42) ducks which were assigned to two treatments (T1:21 ducks on Soybean meal based-ration, T2:21 ducks on Pigeon pea-based ration). Major feed ingredients were analyzed for nutrient composition before formulating ration. Starter of 20% CP and finisher of 17% CP was fed to ducks in an intensive system. Weekly body weights were measured and used to determine average daily body weight gain which showed better results on pigeon pea fed ducks. Feed conversion ratio were statistically significant with pigeon showing the best value of 2.0 ± 0.00 and Soybean 2.24 ± 0.00. At the 12th week of age, six ducks from each treatment were selected with reference to mean weight and then slaughtered. Using the right breast muscle, Carcass temperature, and pH were measured at 45minutes, 3hours, 6hours, 12 hours and 24hours post-mortem. Cooking loss, drip loss, and color were determined at 24hours post-mortem. There was no difference between treatments on redness (a*) but the difference was observed on lightness (L*) and yellowness (b*). The left breast muscle was cut from each duck, labelled then chilled at 4 0C for 24hours followed by cooking at 70 0 C for 15 minutes by boiling. Trained panelists scored the meat samples for sensory characteristics. The results showed that the panelists preferred duck meat from pigeon pea-based ration to Soybean based ration. Therefore, pigeon pea can replace soybean as a protein source since it has a positive effect on Malawian Indigenous Muscovy ducks.

Keywords: Breast Muscle; Carcass Feedstuff; Feed Conversion Ratio; Proximate Analysis

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Citation

Citation: Victoria Singano, Jonathan Tanganyika., et al. “Effect of Replacing Soybean with Pigeon Pea on Growth Performance and Meat Quality". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.3 (2022): 62-71.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Victoria Singano, Jonathan Tanganyika., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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