Mitigation Strategies for Cold Stress for Enhancing Livestock Productivity in Temperate Areas of Himachal Pradesh
Anjali Somal1*, Geetanjali Singh1, Parul Shukla2 and Mukesh Kumar Thakur3
1Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, Himachal Pradesh, India
2Veterinary Anatomy, DGCN COVAS, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh, India
3Animal Husbandry Department, Himachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Anjali Somal, Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry, Himachal Pradesh, India.
December 23, 2021; Published: January 31, 2022
Himachal Pradesh is a North-western hill state of India having four major agro-climatic zones with different climatic conditions. The animals reared in different zones experience cold stress when the temperature is below the thermo neutral zone. Climate change studies highlight the increasing temperature and unpredictable weather conditions around the globe. The cold- stress is likely to become more common in the future, in the present scenario of climate change. Across the globe, incidents of intense cold waves vary from region to region. Over India, the cold wave is observed during winter season spanning from December-February. The aim of this review is to give a general outlook of the different climatic factors, their effect on animals as well as adaptation and mitigation strategies for the domestic animals reared in Himachal Pradesh.
Keywords: Cold Stress; Temperate Areas; Himachal Pradesh; Mitigation Strategies
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