Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 2

Gill and Liver Histology of Clarias gariepinus Exposed to Acute Treatments of Parkia biglobosa Husk Extract

Aladi Lucky Shaibu1*, Samuel Ijabo Ogah2, Isiyaku Muhammed Sani3, David Hannah Ojone1 and Haruna Patricia Ojoagefu1

1Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Kogi State University Anyigba, Nigeria
2Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Federal University Gashua, Nigeria
3Bayero University Kano, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author: Aladi Lucky Shaibu, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, Kogi State University Anyigba, Nigeria.

Received: December 06, 2021; Published: January 13, 2022


Certain plants contain chemicals and have been used traditionally to harvest fish in many parts of the world. There is high tendency to abuse such plants for quick kills. A notable example of such plant piscicide is Parkia biglobosa. This research was carried out to investigate the toxic effects of Parkia. Biglobosa husk extract on Clarias gariepinus juveniles. These effects were measured in terms of acute toxicity (LC50) and the pathological alterations to the liver and gills of C. gariepinus juveniles. When the extract was applied in a bioassay test the fish exhibited erratic swimming movements, rapid opercula movement, air surfacing and loss of reflex, especially at the higher concentrations and consequently mortality. The mortality was in direct proportion to the level of the effluent. LC50 values obtained from the fish exposed to P. biglobosa husk effluent within 96h was found to be 90.02 mg/l. The impact of the P. biglobosa extract on the liver and gills of the fish showed pathological alterations when compared to the control. Gills of C. gariepinus exposed to different levels of effluent showed various degrees of damage. All fish exposed to the effluent showed separation of respiratory epithelium from underlying supportive tissue. The toxicity of P. biglobosa husk extract to C. gariepinus was established.

Keywords: Organic Toxicant; Gill; Liver; Histology; Parkia biglobosa; Husk Extract


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Citation: Aladi Lucky Shaibu., et al. “Gill and Liver Histology of Clarias gariepinus Exposed to Acute Treatments of Parkia biglobosa Husk Extract ". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.2 (2022): 02-09.


Copyright: © 2022 Aladi Lucky Shaibu., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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