Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 5

Prevalence of Ectoparasites on Large Ruminants in Jabitehinan Woreda West Gojjam Zone Amhara Region Northwestern, Ethiopia

Gizachew Nibret Tilahun* and Ayana Selamu Dessie

School of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Gizachew Nibret Tilahun, School of Veterinary Medicine, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia.

Received: September 22, 2021; Published: December 21, 2021

Abstract

This study was done from November 2019 to June 2020 to know and understand the prevalence of ecto-parasites and the potential risk factors in large ruminants in jabitehinan woreda. A total of 384 large ruminants were examined for presence of ecto-parasites. Accordingly, a total of 54.2% (n = 384) were found infested with one or more ecto-parasites. The major ecto-parasites identified in cattle in order of predominance were ticks (35.2%), lice (16.4%), fleas (2.08%) and mite (0.52%) were observed in order of importance. Three genera of ticks were identified such as Amblyomma, Boophilus and Rhipicephalus and also three genera of lice were identified namely Linognathus, Haematopinus and Damalinia and fleas such as Tunga, Pulex and Ctenocephalides and mite namely Demodex. This study has revealed two important risk factors significantly associated with the occurrence of ecto-parasite prevalence in the study area. It was observed that the prevalence of ecto-parasite infestation was significantly higher in cattle in risk factors of body condition and different age groups. There was significant association (p < 0.05) of external parasitic prevalence of infestation with the risk factors such as different age groups and body condition scores but no existed significant (p > 0.05) infestation with breed and sex groups.

 

Keywords: Ecto-parasites; Prevalence; Risk Factors; Large Ruminants

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Citation

Citation: Gizachew Nibret Tilahun and Ayana Selamu Dessie. “Prevalence of Ectoparasites on Large Ruminants in Jabitehinan Woreda West Gojjam Zone Amhara Region Northwestern, Ethiopia". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.5 (2022): 102-113.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2022 Gizachew Nibret Tilahun and Ayana Selamu Dessie. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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