Nest Records, Nesting Colony Selection of Oriental White Backed Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) and Role of Feeding Station in Kangra, Himachal Pradesh
Archi Sehgal1* and Krishan Kumar2
1Department of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Amity University, Noida, India
2Divisional Forest Officer, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding Author: Archi Sehgal, Department of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Amity University, Noida, India.
November 24, 2021 Published: December 16, 2021
This study aimed to infer nest count for breeding period 2018, identify key variables for nest site selections and understanding the role of distance from feeding station to each nesting colony. The Nest count were conducted during breeding period, each nest categorize into active and inactive nests based on assessment of different components. Simultaneously, different variables (tree height, tree species, elevation and aspect) were recorded for each nest. Aerial distance was used to determine the role of feeding station for selecting nesting colonies. From the 24 nesting colonies, 352 active nests were recorded, and a significant Pearson’s correlation for elevation and aspect were drawn. We found, vulture prefer single tree specie for nesting. We also found that, 71% (n = 17) nesting colonies were located within radial distance of 20 km. The study highlights high congregration of active nests within short radial distance from feeding station which signify the positive impact of management of feeding station by the wildlife wing of Forest department since 2008, for the ex-situ conservation of critically endangered Oriental White Backed Vulture (Gyps bengalensis).
Keywords: Oriental White Backed Vulture; Gyps bengalensis; India; Nest site Selection; Feeding Station
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