Influence of Breeding Rate on Reproductive and Production Performance of Rabbits of Local Population
Veterinary Department, University Batna, Algeria
*Corresponding Author: Moumen Souad, Veterinary Department, University Batna, Algeria.
November 10, 2021 Published: December 16, 2021
The objective of the study is to evaluate the reproductive performance of the does of the local rabbit population.
Twenty rabbit does followed for six parities. Females have been breeding at the age of four and a half months in natural mating (rhythm semi-intensive). The estimate of dairy females between 0-21 days focused on 124 litters. These have served to analyze the growth of young rabbits under the mother from birth to weaning (28 days). Rabbits of this population are receptive and fertile (59.6 and 79.1%). They are characterized by modest prolificacy at birth and at weaning 6.9 and 4.8. The amount of milk produced in 21 days is low (2003.4g), this low production and low average birth weight (55.7g) are behind the low average weaning weight (396.5g). The weights of the rabbits and litter, as well as the quantities of milk produced per week and in 21 days increase with parity. Suckled litter size very significantly influenced milk production and the growth of rabbits during the period birth-weaning. The kindling season affected only partially the reproductive performance and growth of young rabbits. Stillbirth and birth-weaning mortality is very high (17.5 and 19.4
Keywords: Local Rabbit Population; Reproductive Performance; Milk Yield; Litter Size
- Belhadi S. “Characterization of local rabbit performances in Algeria: variation of litter size and weights”. Proceedings of the 8th World Rabbit (2004): 218-223.
- Boudour K., et al. “Performance of rabbits of synthetic strain conducted in artificial insemination: effect of the season”. Review of animal husbandry and veterinary medicine in tropical countries. 73.2 (2020).
- Berchiche M., et al. “Reproductive performances of local Algerian does raised in rational conditions”. Proceedings of the 7th World Rabbit Congress (2000): 43-49.
- Brecchia G K., et al. “Effect of reproductive rythm based on rabbit doe body condition on fertility and hormones”. Proceedings of the 9th world Rabbit (2008).
- CherfaouiD., et al. “Reproductive performance of male rabbits of Algerian local population”. World Rabbit Science 21 (2013): 91-99.
- Castellini C., et al. “Effect of post-weaning rhythm on the body fat and performance of rabbit does”. Reproduction, Nutrition, Development 46 (2006): 195-204.
- Duperray J., et al. “The preparation of young female future hybrid breeders: Effect of their feeding style on their reproductive performance during the first three cycles”. 16th Cunicultural Research Days (2015).
- Kerkouche T N., et al. “Study of the relations between anogenital distance, parity and some characteristics of the reproduction of the rabbit”. Livestock Research for Rural Development2 (2014).
- Lebas F. Breeding techniques at the 7th World Cuniculture Congress in Valencia Ombres and Lumières (2000): 29-32.
- Moumen S. “Influence of the reproduction rate on the reproduction and production performance of the rabbits of local population: Study of the relation between the nutritional state of the female and her fertility”. 1 (2017): 72.
- Moumen S. “Effect of reproductive rate on reproductive performance and metabolic profile of the local population rabbit (Orictolagus cuniculus)”. Master Thesis. (2006): 108.
- Ouyed A. “Evaluation of the carcass and muscle yield and the weight of the different parts of the rabbits of pure and hybrid lines”. Final report presented to the Council for the Development of Agriculture in Quebec, Canada (2006).
- Zerrouki N., et al. “Rabbit genetic resources in Algeria: Analysis of the production performance of the synthetic strain in station and in the field, in comparison with the two local genetic types: white population and local population”. 7th Research Days on Animal Production, Tizi-Ouzou, Algeria (2014).