Transmission of Antimicrobial Resistance Through Animal-based Food to Humans: A Possible Hazard
Namita Bedi* and Shipra Jha
Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, India
*Corresponding Author: Namita Bedi, Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University, India.
November 01, 2021; Published: December 08, 2021
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a huge concern to humans, animals, and the environment across the world. Food source has a significant role in AMR's microbes’ growth and dissemination. The AMR bacteria enter the food chain and pose a risk of infection to everyone. Animal Food containing antimicrobial-resistant microbes can cause sickness in humans when consumed by them. These and other species might provide transferrable resistance determinants for other microbes, including human diseases. The potential route for the spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in animals is feed, people, water, air or dust, soil, wildlife, rodents, arthropods, and equipment. The entry of AMR into the food chain is a major public health problem. As well antibiotic usage and abuse as growth boosters or general infection prevention and treatment in farm animals have increased antibiotic consumption and resistance among microorganisms in the animal environment. Through food intake and direct or indirect interaction, this reservoir of resistance can be conveyed directly or indirectly to people. Moreover, the selection and multiplication of antibiotic-resistant organisms can be transmitted to the environment through animal waste, thus augmenting the resistance reservoir in the environment microbiome. This review focuses on the role of animal-based food in transmitting AMR in the food chain.
Keywords: Food Pathogens; Antibiotic Resistance; Farm Animals; Human Transmission Food Safety
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