Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 3 Issue 12

Foraging Optimization Through Nectar Quality Prediction - Evolution of Feeding Strategy by Common Myna for Butea monosperma Lam.

Subhamay Bhattacharya1,3, Koutilya Bhattacharjee2*, Partha Ganguly2, Sayan Gupta2, Suman Pal2, Sourav Halder2 and Apratim Maity3

1Department of Zoology, Sarojini Naidu College for Women, India

2Department of Zoology, Rama Krishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary College, India

3Department of Veterinary Biochemistry, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata, India

*Corresponding Author: Koutilya Bhattacharjee, Assistant Professor, Department of Zoology, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary College, India.

Received: October 27, 2021; Published: November 30, 2021


Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis), the most abundant avian omnivore in the Indian Peninsula has a diverse food habit of consuming natural as well as human left over (HLO) foods. However, they have evolved a foraging optimization strategy of consuming nectar of Palash (Butea monosperma) from late winter to spring as primary food and other food types as secondary. Such food shifting did not alter their Protein - Lipid - Carbohydrate requirement. The study also reveals that birds have evolved strategies to identify better nectar variant of Butea monosperma plants and concentrate on those plants only while neglecting the less profitable one. Seasonal body weight comparison in humanized and natural habitat also correlates with their food choice. From the aforesaid observations it can be assumed that feeding optimization of Common Myna has definite link to its pre-breeding season preparation.

Keywords: Foraging Optimization; Nectar Quality; Common Myna; Butea monosperma; Breeding Strategy


  1. Mahabal A. “Activity-time budget of Indian Myna Acridotheres tristis (Linnaeus) during the breeding season”. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society1 (1991): 96-97.
  2. Ali Salim. “The book of Indian birds. Bombay”. Natural History Society: Bombay (1996).
  3. Sengupta S. “Food and feeding ecology of the common myna Acridotheres tristis”. Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy 6 (1976).
  4. Sahni KC. “The book of Indian trees”. Oxford University Press (1999).
  5. Siddique M., et al. “Breeding Behaviour of Common Myna (Acrjdotheres Tristis)”. The Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences 4 (1993).
  6. Sindhia VR and R Bairwa. “Plant review: Butea monosperma”. International journal of pharmaceutical and clinical research 2 (2010): 90-94.
  7. Prachayasittikul Supaluk., et al. “Antimicrobial and antioxidative activities of bioactive constituents from Hydnophytum formicarum Jack”. Molecules4 (2008): 904-921.
  8. Jamkhande PG., et al.In vitro antioxidant activity of Butea monosperma flowers fractions”. International Journal of Drug Development and Research 5 (2013): 245-255.
  9. Schondube Jorge E., and Carlos Martínez Del Rio. “Concentration‐dependent sugar preferences in nectar‐feeding birds: mechanisms and consequences”. Functional Ecology 4 (2003): 445-453.
  10. Kishida Yuriko and Coral Kemp. “A measure of engagement for children with intellectual disabilities in early childhood settings: A preliminary study”. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disability 2 (2006): 101-114.
  11. Barnard CJ. “Flock feeding and time budgets in the house sparrow (Passer domestic us L.)”. Animal behaviour 1 (1980): 295-309.
  12. Wolf Larry L., et al. “Foraging efficiencies and time budgets in nectar‐feeding birds”. Ecology 1 (1975): 117-128.
  13. Maxson Stephen J and Lewis W Oring. “Breeding season time and energy budgets of the polyandrous spotted sandpiper”. Behaviour3-4 (1980): 200-263.
  14. Fleming PA., et al. “Concentration and temperature effects on sugar intake and preferences in a sunbird and a hummingbird”. Functional Ecology 2 (2004): 223-232.
  15. Tandon Rajesh KR., et al. “Reproductive biology of Butea monosperma (Fabaceae)”. Annals of Botany5 (2003): 715-723.
  16. Pandit PS., et al. “Colour Extraction from Butea monosperma (palash) Flowers”. Journal of Tree Sciences 2 (2016): 19-22.
  17. Kim Yong-gyun. “β-glucanase Bacillus sp. CSB34: Screening, Production, Partial Purification, and Biochemical Characterization”. Diss. Chosun University Graduate School (2017).
  18. Kruger Nicholas J. “The Bradford method for protein quantitation”. The protein protocols handbook (2009): 17-24.
  19. Itoh Toshihiro and Hiroshi Kaneko. “Yeast lipids in species variation. I. A simple method for estimating the cellular lipids”. Journal of Japan Oil Chemists' Society 6 (1974): 350-354.


Citation: Koutilya Bhattacharjee., et al. “Foraging Optimization Through Nectar Quality Prediction - Evolution of Feeding Strategy by Common Myna for Butea monosperma Lam.". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 3.12 (2021): 106-111.


Copyright: © 2021 Koutilya Bhattacharjee., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is July 10, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US