Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 4 Issue 5

Study on Nematode Infections in Horses and Donkeys in and Around Bishoftu, Ethiopia

Eyosiyas Molla*, Ayana Selamu and Gizachew Nibret

College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author: Eyosiyas Molla, College of Veterinary Medicine and Agriculture Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia.

Received: October 19, 2021; Published: November 12, 2021

Abstract

The study was conducted in and around Bishoftu town from November 2018 to May 2019 in ordered to estimate the prevalence of Gastro intestinal tract nematodes infections and to identify the associated risk factors with the occurrence of nematode parasite infections. A fecal sample was taken from 272 horses and 112 donkeys and examined. During the examination, floatation technique, McMaster technique and berman technique were employed to identify the egg, burden of infection and the larvae of lung worm respectively. The parasites encountered were strongyle, Parascaris equorum and Dictyocaulus arnfieldi with respective prevalence of 38.54%, 0.89% and 0.74 respectively. The overall prevalence GIT nematode infections were 26.84% and 71.43% in horses and donkeys respectively. Species, body conditions and origins of the animal having respective p-values of 0.0001, 0.000 and 0.000, were significant effect. The study indicates a mean faecal egg counts (1661) egg per gram in donkeys. Body condition was a significant difference (P < 0.05) in mean EPG. Poor body condition harbors highest EPG than good body condition. Favorable climatic conditions for parasitic egg development, poor animal management, luck of awareness, mixed pasture grazing, and inadequate health services are contribute for highest infestation. Therefore, further study on the impact of the disease on equine, pasture management, use of rotation grazing and regular deworming is recommended.

Keywords: McMaster Technique; Parasite; Encountered; Infections

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Citation

Citation: Eyosiyas Molla., et al. “Study on Nematode Infections in Horses and Donkeys in and Around Bishoftu, Ethiopia". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.5 (2021): 78-83.

Copyright

Copyright: © 2021 Eyosiyas Molla., et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.




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