Rohit Duhan1* and Manish Pandey2
1BVSc and AH Scholar, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary Science, Hisar, India
2Assistant Professor, Department of Livestock Production Management, Khalsa College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Amritsar (Punjab), India
*Corresponding Author: Rohit Duhan, BVSc and AH Scholar, Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary Science, Hisar, India.
Received: October 19, 2021; Published: November 09, 2021
Present article focuses on the challenges of Indian dairy sector and underlines factors hindering the milk production potential of dairy animals. Dairy sector in India plays crucial role in nutritional security, livelihood and sustainable development of the economy. Despite having largest population of livestock we are lagging far behind in terms of per animal productivity than other developed nation’s viz. Israel and USA. There the milk production dairy animal is 10 times higher than India dairy animals. The key factors which are linked with lower milk yield of indigenous animals can be divided into physiological and environmental factors. Under physiological factors come the genetic potential, parity and frequency of milking. Due to absence of scientific breeding in large population of dairy animals and poor feed availability to the animal having good genetic potential, milk production remained lower. Frequency of milk has significant effect on milk yield, two times a day milking increases the milk production by 40% and three times a day milking further increase by 20 but at the same time increase the chances of mastitis. Parity or number of calving also has a direct effect over milk yield as calving number of calving ascends it leads to the development of milk secreting cells but only up-to 4th-5th of lactation then gradually decreases. In Indian conditions dairy farmers keep their animal for milk production even up-to 10-14 lactations. Among, environmental factors and that are greatly controlled by farmer comes managemental practices, under this thermal stress is the main factor that affects the animal most and have effect over milk yield. Lower milk production affects the individual farmer economic growth and country economy.
Keywords: Indian Dairy Sector; Milk Production; Physiological and Environmental Factors Affecting Milk Production
Citation: Rohit Duhan and Manish Pandey. “A Review on Factors Hindering the Milk Production of Dairy Animals in India". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 3.12 (2021): 33-39.
Copyright: © 2021 Rohit Duhan and Manish Pandey. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.