Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 1

Air Pollution

Karim AJ*

Assistant Professor, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

*Corresponding Author: Karim AJ, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq.

Received: October 25, 2021; Published: November 09, 2021

Since the early industrial revolution, air quality is deteriorating day by day. Negative impacts on the environment as well as on air quality are mainly due to unplanned development. Pollution problems have largely resulted from industry and domestic heating, principally due to emission of sulphur dioxide. In recent years, however, the transportation sector has become the most significant source of both primary pollutants, such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and nitrogen dioxide, and secondary pollutants, like ozone. Air pollution affects millions worldwide and its devastating effects on human health are serious. Previous studies have reported an increase in morbidity and mortality due to air pollution, increased risk of lung cancer, genotoxicity in various tissues, and mutations [1]. Death was strongly associated with the levels of fine, inhalable and sulfate particles more than with the levels of aerosol acidity, sulfur dioxide, total particulate pollution, or nitrogen dioxide (Table 1). The carcinogenicity of the PAH is dominated by small particles [2].


  1. Manisalidis I., et al. “Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution: A Review”. Frontiers in Public Health 8 (2020): 14.
  2. Dockery DW., et al. “An association between air pollution and mortality in six U.S. cities”. The New England Journal of Medicine 329 (1993): 1753-1759.
  3. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Transportation Energy Data Book: Edition 33, ORNL-6990, Oak Ridge, TN, July (2014).
  4. Karim AJ. “Pathological responses to intratracheally instilled polycyclic aromatic hydro carbons and effect of curcumin towards these responses in sprague dawley rats”. PhD Thesis. UPM, MALAYSIA (2010).
  5. Latif IK., et al. “Nigella sativa meal alleviates injury against Benzo[a]Pyrene exposures in broilers”. Pertanika Journal of Tropical Agricultural Science1 (2011): 157-162.
  6. Latif IK., et al. “Efficacy of Nigella sativa in alleviating benzo[a]pyrene-induced immunotoxicity in broilers”. Histology and Histopathology 26 (2011): 699-710.


Citation: Karim AJ. “Air Pollution". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.1 (2022): 21-22.


Copyright: © 2022 Karim AJ. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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