Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Case Report Volume 3 Issue 11

Emergency and Medical Management of Accidental Ingestion of Yellow Phosphorus-based Rat Bait in a Dog

Saravanan M1*, Yogespriya S2, Ramkumar PK1, Kannan K1 and Senthilkumar S1

1Veterinary Clinical Complex, VCRI, Thanjavur, TANUVAS Chennai, India
2Department of Veterinary Medicine, VCRI, Thanjavur, TANUVAS Chennai, India

*Corresponding Author: Saravanan M, Veterinary Clinical Complex, VCRI, Thanjavur, TANUVAS Chennai, India.

Received: October 13, 2021; Published: October 26, 2021

×

Abstract

Accidental ingestion of toxicant/poison is common issues in the pets, such kind of a case of one and half year-old Mongrel dog with the history of accidental ingestion of rat kill paste (Ratol@TM) about 2 hrs back, presented to the Veterinary Clinical Complex, VCRI, Orathanadu. Clinical examination revealed panting, tachycardia, dilated pupil and vomiting. Dog was provided with support was done and gastric lavage was done, followed by dog was kept in CCU for further monitoring. Hematology revealed mild anemia. Serum biochemical and blood gas analysis were within the reference interval. Dog was stabilized with fluids, antibiotics, antiemetic and provided supportive care. Acetylcysteine was initiated as protective measures to prevent acute hepatic damage. Further fluid therapy and supportive care continued for 6 hrs and dog improved by the 3rd hour onwards. The dog was successfully recovered with its normalcy. This case documented recovery followed emergency care which was instituted within 2 hrs.

Keywords: Ratol@TM Paste; Rodenticide; Yellow Phosphorus; Acetylcysteine; Gastric Lavage

×

References

  1. Lee JA. “Emergency Management and Treatment of the Poisoned Small Animal Patient”. Veterinary Clinics: Small Animal Practice 43 (2013): 757-771.
  2. Kannan K., et al. “Meloxicam Toxicity in Labrador Dog Due to Dispensing Error and its Reversal by Misoprostol”. Indian Veterinary Journal10 (2019): 78-80.
  3. Saravanan M., et al. “Reversal of Hepato-renal Impairment Induced by Meloxicam Paracetamol Toxicity in a Labrador Dog”. Toxicology International1 (2021): 81-89.
  4. Hiran S. “Ventricular Arrhythmia Due to Yellow Phosphorus Poisoning”. Journal of Case Reports and Studies 3 (2017): 303.
  5. Ghoshal AK., et al. “The role of lipo-peroxidation in the pathogenesis of fatty livers induced by phosphorus poisoning in rats”. American Journal of Pathology 54 (1969): 275-91.
  6. Clarke EGC and Clarke ML. “Veterinary Toxicology”. Bailliere Tindall, London (1975).
  7. D'Silva C and Krishna B. “Rodenticide Poisoning”. Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 23 (2019): S272-S277.
  8. , A. “Acute hepatic failure due to yellow phosphorus ingestion”. Indian Journal of Pharmacology 43.3 (2011):355-356.
  9. Mohideen SK and Kumar KS. “Should ratol paste be banned?” Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine 2 (2015): 128-129.
  10. Yuksekkaya H., et al. “Ingestion of fireworks: rare cause of poisoning in children”. Pediatric Emergency Care3 (2019): 216-219.
  11. Brent J., et al. “Critical Care Toxicology - Diagnosis and Management of the Critically Poisoned Patient”. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby (2005): 851-861.
  12. Kharkongor MA. “Early use of intravenous N-acetylcysteine in treatment of acute yellow phosphorous poisoning”. Current Medical Issues 15 (2017):136-138.
  13. Saoji AA., et al. “A Case on Suicidal Poisoning Associated with Ratol and a Perspective on Yellow Phosphorus Poisoning”. International Journal of Food Science and Technology 10 (2014): 223-225.
  14. Zwingmann C and Bilodeau M. “Metabolic insights into the hepatoprotective role of N-acetylcysteine in mouse liver”. Hepatology 43 (2006): 454-463.
  15. Nalabothu M., et al. “Clinical profile and outcomes of rodenticide poisoning in tertiary care hospital”. International Journal of Science and Research 5 (2015):1-12.
  16. Shukkoor AA., et al. “N-Acetylcysteine, A Boon For Yellow Phosphorus-Induced Acute Liver Failure? A Case Report”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research 8 (2019): 1-3.
  17. Fielder SE. “MSD Veterinary Manual” (2015).
  18. Waddell LS., et al. “Blood Gas Analysis. Management Tree”. NAVC Clinician’s Brief, January (2012): 18-19.
  19. Humm K. “How to Interpret Arterial Blood Gas”. In WSAVA/FECAVA/BSAVA World Congress (2012): 11-15.
  20. Thorneloe C., et al. “Evaluation of a hand-held lactate analyzer in dogs”. Canadian Veterinary Journal3 (2007): 283-288.
×

Citation

Citation: Saravanan M., et al. “Emergency and Medical Management of Accidental Ingestion of Yellow Phosphorus-based Rat Bait in a Dog". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 3.11 (2021): 57-60.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is June 25, 2024.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of "Best Article of the Issue"
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.

Contact US