Traumatized Reptiles: A Retrospective Study of Wild Reptiles Examined in Northeastern Brazil
Roberta da Rocha Braga1* and Antônio Rafael Lima Ramos1,2
1Academic Laboratory of Wildlife Pathology (LAPS), Ophiology Department (NUROF), Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Brazil
2Systematic, Biodiversity Use and Conservation Post Graduation Program, Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Brazil
*Corresponding Author: Roberta da Rocha Braga, Academic Laboratory of Wildlife Pathology (LAPS), Ophiology Department (NUROF), Federal University of Ceará (UFC), Brazil.
August 16, 2021; Published: September 20, 2021
Physical injuries represent one of the main threats to free-living animals, and interactions with humans perform the leading cause of their admission in veterinary care. In the USA, the main causes of physical injuries in reptiles and amphibians were run over, fishing or gardening accidents, and predation by domestic carnivores. Anthropic actions potentially increase the morbidity and mortality in reptiles due to traumatic injuries and can cause populations to be isolated in forest remnants, such as urban parks. Fortaleza is a metropolis in northeastern Brazil, that has progressively lost its vegetation cover due to urbanization processes. However, as the ERA "Matinha do Pici", few urban parks stand out as a hotspot of local fauna conservation. The objective of this work was to report and characterize a sample of traumatized reptiles, received, and examined at LAPS-UFC, in Fortaleza, from 2010 to 2020. Thirty-four cases were included, mostly lizards from the ERA "Matinha do Pici", with diverse blunt force lesions, mainly caused by domestic carnivores' predation, run over or human predation.
Keywords: Wildlife; Physical Injuries; Predation; Roadkill; Ceará
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