Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Van Yuzuncu Yil, Turkey
*Corresponding Author: Süleyman Kozat, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Van Yuzuncu Yil, Turkey.
Received: April 26, 2021; Published: September 01, 2021
Bilious Vomiting Syndrome (BWS) is a condition associated with the patient's vomiting characterized by bile in the early morning hours. BWS (reflux gastritis/duodenal gastric reflux) is a common disease that develops due to biliary reflux from the duodenum to the stomach and is characterized by chronic and intermittent bile vomiting [1-3]. Vomiting is thought to occur as a result of irritation of the gastric mucosa as a result of reflux of duodenal fluid into the lumen of the stomach. Although the cause is unclear, the primary underlying cause is thought to be gastric hypomotility. No age, race or gender predisposition is reported in the disease. It is mostly observed in the middle-aged dogs [1,3,4]. The disease is mainly symptomatic in dogs that have not received food in the morning and during the night. It is characterized by chronic and intermittent bile vomiting. These dogs have an empty stomach and gastric bile reflux is observed. Body condition of the patients is generally normal. Bile salts cause damage to the gastric mucosal barrier over time, leaving the gastric mucosa unprotected against gastric acid. In dogs with bilious vomiting syndrome, gastric bile reflux and irritation of bile on the gastric mucosa lead to the development of gastritis over time .
Citation: Süleyman Kozat. “Bilious Vomiting Syndrome in Dogs". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 3.10 (2021): 01-02.
Copyright: © 2021 Süleyman Kozat. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.