Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Short Communication Volume 4 Issue 1

Effects of Fat Supplements in Milk-fed Holstein Calves during Temperature Stress

Bahram Mohtashami1*, Sayyad Seifzadeh2, Hamed Khalilvandi-Behroozyar1 and Jamal Seifdavati2

1Department of Animal Science, Urmia University, Iran
2Department of Animal Science, University of Mohageg Ardabili, Iran

*Corresponding Author: Bahram Mohtashami, PhD of Animal Nutrition, Urmia, West Azerbaijan, Iran.

Received: April 23, 2021; Published: June 08, 2021

Maintenance energy requirements of calves increase during periods of temperature stress (cold and heat stress). Health and growth of calf as well as its functional characteristics and its economic life in the future will affect the nutrition of milk in the pre-weaning period. Because milk prices and milk replacements are high, the calf management program has traditionally been focused on limiting milk or milk replacements. Any strategy that reduces fluid intake and increases calf starter intake will reduce each of these variables. Calf starter intake increases rumen development, increases body weight in the days before weaning and also decreases body weight loss in the days after weaning. In general, alternative heifer management focuses on factors that increase physiological processes and subsequently enhance puberty and production potential. Generally, appropriate growth and proportion of genetic capacity of the animal can reduce the age of the first mating.


  1. Hill T., et al. “Inclusion of tallow and soybean oil to calf starters fed to dairy calves from birth to four months of age on calf performance and digestion”. Journal of Dairy Science 98 (2015): 4882-4888.
  2. Mohtashami B., et al. “The effect of supplemental bioactive fatty acids on growth performance and immune function of milk-fed Holstein dairy calves during heat stress”. British Journal of Nutrition (2021).


Citation: Bahram Mohtashami., et al.. “Effects of Fat Supplements in Milk-fed Holstein Calves during Temperature Stress". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 4.1 (2022): 25-26.


Copyright: © 2022 Bahram Mohtashami., et al.. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


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