Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Review Article Volume 3 Issue 1

Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic on Dairy and Poultry Sectors: Future Guidelines for Overcoming these Effects

Hamza Jawad1*, Riaz Ahmed Gul1, Nasir Iqbal2, Talha Safdar1, Muhammad Ammun Bashir1,Hafiz Muhammad Mubashar Ali1, Muhammad Tasadaq Hameed1 and Ateeq Iqbal1

1Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Pakistan
2Department of Veterinary Surgery and Pet Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan

*Corresponding Author: Hamza Jawad, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.

Received: November 24, 2020; Published: December 09, 2020



  Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has affected the current food system globally. Like the health system, the stability of the food system should be a priority during any pandemic and associated lockdowns. COVID-19 pandemic is severely affecting food safety, food security and overall food chain. Livestock sector is a major source of animal food products and by-products. The economics of the processed milk and meat industries are being severely affected during the lockdown. Due to the lack of transportation facilities, livestock products are not available to everyone. Several issues are faced by agriculture, dairy and poultry farmers during this pandemic. This review article highlights the importance of incorporating new technologies into the livestock sector to lessen the undesirable effects of the pandemics on the animal-based food industry and farming. Animal production and disease resistance must be improved through breeding and genetics discussed in this article below. The role of veterinarians in maintaining animal health and preventing zoonotic diseases during infectious diseases has also been highlighted. Digitalization and implementation of new policies in the livestock and poultry sector regarding the telemedicine, online sale and purchase of animals and their products is inevitable especially in underdeveloped countries. Such guidelines could help the state overcome crises related to food, livestock and human health in pandemics.

Keywords: COVID-19; Livestock Sector; Telemedicine; Meat and Milk; Zoonosis



  1. Tesso, Gutu. "Review of the Impact of COVID-19 on Economic Growth, Unemployment and Progress out of Poverty in Ethiopia”.
  2. Djalante Riyanti., et al. "Review and analysis of current responses to COVID-19 in Indonesia: Period of January to March 2020”. Progress in Disaster Science (2020): 100091.
  3. Viner Russell M., et al. "School closure and management practices during coronavirus outbreaks including COVID-19: a rapid systematic review”. The Lancet Child and Adolescent Health (2020).
  4. Rasul Golam. "Managing the food, water, and energy nexus for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals in South Asia”. Environmental Development18 (2016): 14-25.
  5. Galanakis Charis M. "The Food Systems in the Era of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Crisis”. Foods4 (2020): 523.
  6. Thornton Philip K. "Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects”. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences1554 (2010): 2853-2867.
  7. Deaton B James and Brady J Deaton. "Food security and Canada's agricultural system challenged by COVID‐19”. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie (2020).
  8. Galanakis Charis M. "The Food Systems in the Era of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Crisis”. Foods4 (2020): 523.
  9. Monchatre-Leroy Elodie., et al. "Identification of alpha and beta coronavirus in wildlife species in France: bats, rodents, rabbits, and hedgehogs”. Viruses 12 (2017): 364.
  10. Grace Delia EA., et al. "Optimizing livestock farming in urban agriculture”. Burleigh Dodds Science Publishing (2020).
  11. Mhlanga David and Emmanuel Ndhlovu. "Socio-economic Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Smallholder Livelihoods in Zimbabwe”. (2020).
  12. Thornton Philip K. "Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects”. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences1554 (2010): 2853-2867.
  13. Henchion, Maeve., et al. "Future protein supply and demand: strategies and factors influencing a sustainable equilibrium”. Foods7 (2017): 53.
  14. Boland, Mike J., et al. "The future supply of animal-derived protein for human consumption”. Trends in food Science and Technology1 (2013): 62-73.
  15. Osterhaus Albert DME., et al. "Make science evolve into a One Health approach to improve health and security: a white paper”. One Health Outlook2 (2020): 1-32.
  16. Bishwajit, Ghose., et al. "Trade liberalization, urbanization and nutrition transition in Asian countries”. Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences1 (2014): 5.
  17. Dalvit C., et al. "Genetic traceability of livestock products: A review”. Meat Science4 (2007): 437-449.
  18. Samarin Gennady N., et al. "Optimization of microclimate parameters inside livestock buildings”. International Conference on Intelligent Computing and Optimization. Springer, Cham (2018).
  19. Xu Yunbi., et al. "Enhancing genetic gain through genomic selection: from livestock to plants”. Plant Communications1 (2020): 100005.
  20. Xiong Jin. Essential bioinformatics. Cambridge University Press (2006).
  21. Mrode Raphael., et al. "Genomic selection and use of molecular tools in breeding programs for indigenous and crossbred cattle in developing countries: current status and future prospects”. Frontiers in Genetics9 (2019): 694.
  22. Semagn Kassa., et al. "Principles, requirements and prospects of genetic mapping in plants”. African Journal of Biotechnology25 (2006).
  23. Gutiérrez-Gil., et al. "Genetic effects on coat colour in cattle: dilution of eumelanin and phaeomelanin pigments in an F2-Backcross Charolais× Holstein population”. BMC Genetics1 (2007): 56.
  24. Jensen Robert T and Nolan H Miller. "Do consumer price subsidies really improve nutrition?”. Review of Economics and Statistics4 (2011): 1205-1223.
  25. International Barley Genome Sequencing Consortium. "A physical, genetic and functional sequence assembly of the barley genome”. Nature7426 (2012): 711-716.
  26. Widayat Widayat. "Attitude and Behavior to Eating in the Time of COVID-19; A Case Study of Adolescent Consumer in Indonesia”. Jurnal Inovasi Ekonomi2 (2020).
  27. Kirtiş A Kazım and Filiz Karahan. "To be or not to be in social media arena as the most cost-efficient marketing strategy after the global recession”. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences24 (2011): 260-268.
  28. Salomonsson Karin. "The E-economy and the Culinary Heritage”. Articulating Europe: Local Perspectives32 (2003): 125.
  29. Heath Stephan. "Mobile device system and method providing combined delivery system using 3D geo-target location-based mobile commerce searching/purchases, discounts/coupons products, goods, and services, or service providers-geomapping-company/local and socially-conscious information/social networking (“PS-GM-C/LandSC/I-SN”)”. U.S. Patent No. 10,140,620 (2018).
  30. Pueyo Tomas. "Coronavirus: Why you must act now”. Politicians, community leaders and business leaders: what should you do and when (2020).
  31. Shaner Willis W. “Farming systems research and development: Guidelines for developing countries”. Routledge (2019).
  32. Galanakis Charis M. "The Food Systems in the Era of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Crisis”. Foods4 (2020): 523.
  33. Khan Naushad., et al. "COVID-2019 Locked down Impact on Dairy Industry in the World”. SSRN Electronic Journal (2020).
  34. Pal M and M Devrani. "Application of various techniques for meat preservation”. Journal of Experimental Food Chemistry134 (2018): 2472-0542.
  35. Rahman Mohammad Shafiur and Conrad O Perera. "Drying and food preservation”. Handbook of food preservation. Marcel Dekker, New York (1999): 173-216.
  36. Karoui Romdhane and Josse De Baerdemaeker. "A review of the analytical methods coupled with chemometric tools for the determination of the quality and identity of dairy products”. Food Chemistry3 (2007): 621-640.
  37. Robinson Richard K., et al. "Microbiology of fermented milks”. Dairy Microbiology Handbook: The Microbiology of Milk and Milk Products (2002): 468.
  38. Chelule P K., et al. "Advantages of traditional lactic acid bacteria fermentation of food in Africa”. Current Research, Technology and Education Topics in Applied Microbiology and Microbial Biotechnology2 (2010): 1160-1167.
  39. Dixon John A., et al. "Farming systems and poverty: improving farmers' livelihoods in a changing world”. Food and Agriculture Org (2001).
  40. Galli Francesco., et al. "Better prepare for the next one. Lifestyle lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic”. Pharmanutrition (2020).
  41. Holmes Emily A., et al. "Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science”. The Lancet Psychiatry (2020).
  42. Galanakis Charis M. "The Food Systems in the Era of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic Crisis”. Foods4 (2020): 523.
  43. Rosegrant Mark W and Sarah A. Cline. "Global food security: challenges and policies”. Science5652 (2003): 1917-1919.
  44. Malhotra Dr. "Managing Agricultural Supply Chains in COVID-19 Lockdown” (2020).
  45. Au Sunny Chi Lik. "Revisiting the role of telemedicine under the 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak”. European Journal of Geriatrics And Gerontology1 (2020): 26-27.
  46. Smith Anthony C., et al. "Telehealth for global emergencies: Implications for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)”. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare (2020): 1357633X20916567.
  47. Zhou Xiaoyun., et al. "The role of telehealth in reducing the mental health burden from COVID-19”. Telemedicine and e-Health4 (2020): 377-379.
  48. Moon Suerie., et al. "Will Ebola change the game? Ten essential reforms before the next pandemic. The report of the Harvard-LSHTM Independent Panel on the Global Response to Ebola”. The Lancet10009 (2015): 2204-2221.
  49. Yang Yongshi., et al. "The deadly coronaviruses: The 2003 SARS pandemic and the 2020 novel coronavirus epidemic in China”. Journal of Autoimmunity (2020): 102434.
  50. Sun Jiumeng., et al. "COVID-19: epidemiology, evolution, and cross-disciplinary perspectives”. Trends in Molecular Medicine5 (2020): 483-495.
  51. Ahmed Syed Faraz., et al. "Preliminary identification of potential vaccine targets for the COVID-19 coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) based on SARS-CoV immunological studies”. Viruses3 (2020): 254.
  52. "Managing Agricultural Supply Chains in COVID-19 Lockdown”. SSRN 3602574 (2020).
  53. Daszak Peter., et al. "A strategy to prevent future epidemics similar to the 2019-nCoV outbreak”. Biosafety and Health 1 (2020): 6-8.
  54. Tiwari R., et al. "COVID-19: animals, veterinary and zoonotic links”. The Veterinary Quarterly (2020): 1.
  55. Leach Melissa and Ian Scoones. "The social and political lives of zoonotic disease models: narratives, science and policy”. Social Science and Medicine88 (2013): 10-17.
  56. Almendros Angel. "Can companion animals become infected with Covid-19?”. Veterinary Record12 (2020): 388-389.
  57. Shetty P. “From food security to food and nutrition security: role of agriculture and farming systems for nutrition”. Current Science (2015): 456-461.
  58. Thornton PK. “Livestock production: recent trends, future prospects”. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Science1554 (2010): 2853-2867.
  59. Alonso S., et al. "The role of livestock products for nutrition in the first 1,000 days of life”. Animal Frontiers4 (2019): 24-31.


Citation: Hamza Jawad., et al. “Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic on Dairy and Poultry Sectors: Future Guidelines for Overcoming these Effects". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 3.1 (2021): 12-18.


Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor1.008

Indexed In

News and Events

Contact US