Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences (ISSN: 2582-3183)

Research Article Volume 2 Issue 12

A Study on Trichodiniasis in Farmed Nile Tilapia and Gold Fish at Sebeta National Fishery and Other Aquatic Life Research Center, Centeral Ethiopia

Million Shiferaw Bachere*, Marshet Abebe, Abduleziz Jemal, Meselu Ahimed and Mogos Mokenin

College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, Ethiopia

*Corresponding Author:Million Shiferaw Bachere, College of Veterinary Medicine, Haramaya University, Ethiopia.

Received: September 26, 2020; Published: November 30, 2020

×

Abstract

  Ethiopia has large water resources with estimated surface area of 733 km2 of major Lakes and dams, 275 km2 of small water bodies and 7,285 km long rivers within the country. The country has home of highly diversified flora and fauna. More than 200 species of fish are present in lakes, rivers and dams of Ethiopia. A cross sectional study was conducted from November 2017 to April 2018 in Sebeta National Fishery and Other Aquatic Life Research Center, central Ethiopia to study clinical sign, prevalence and risk factors of in Trichodiniasis in fish. 384 Live fish were collected randomly after the fish were collected by fisher man using fish net. Wet smear technique was conducted from gill tissue biopsy and skin scraping. The diseased fish had signs of dullness, detachment of scales, excessive mucus accumulation, ulcerations, congested fin base and pale gill. Out of 384 fish, 233 (60.7%) were found to be positive for trichodiniasis. Analysis of possible risk factors has shown that, there was statistically significant association (P < 0.05) between prevalence of disease and sex, parasites infestation, examined organs, body weight and total body length. However, the difference was not statistically significant (P > 0.05) between disease occurrence with species and pond number in area. In conclusion, the present finding has demonstrated that trichodiniasis is one of the important parasites of fish in the study area. Therefore, further epidemiological investigations are required to determine the trichodina species and different risk factor on the occurrence of the disease.

Keywords: Fish; Prevalence; Sebeta Trichodina; Trichodiniasis

×

References

  1. Alebachew T., et al. “Fish Production Constraints in Ethiopia”. Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences3 (2016): 158-163.
  2. Mengesha T. “Fish species diversity in major river basins of Ethiopia”. Journal of Review5 (2015): 365-374.
  3. Lemma A. “Study on temporal variation of internal fish parasites in Lake Zway, Ethiopia”. Africa Journal of Fishery Science 1 (2013): 1-4.
  4. Ethiopian Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences Association (EFASA). Overview of Sebeta National Fishery and other Aquatic Life Research Center (2012): 7.
  5. Drug Administration and Control Authority (DACA). Standard veterinary treatment guidelines for veterinary clinic (2006): 335.
  6. Amare A., et al. “Prevalence of internal parasitic helminths infected Oreochromis niloticus (Nile Tilapia), Clarias gariepinus (African Catfish) and Cyprinus carpio (Common Carp) in Lake Lugo (Hayke), Northeast Ethiopia”. Journal of Aquaculture Resource Development 5 (2014): 333.
  7. El-Seify M., et al. “Study on Clinopathological and biochemical changes in some freshwater fishes infected with external parasites and subjected to heavy metals pollution in Egypt”. Journal of Life Science3 (2011b): 401-405.
  8. El-Seify M., et al. “Seasonal variations and prevalence of some external parasites affecting freshwater fishes reared at upper Egypt”. Journal of Life Science3 (2011a): 397-400.
  9. Abowei J., et al. “A Review of some basic parasite diseases in culture fisheries Flagellids, Dinoflagellids and Ichthyophthriasis, Ichthyobodiasis, Coccidiosis, Trichodiniasis, Heminthiasis, Hirudinea infestation, Crustacean parasite and ciliates”. Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology5 (2011): 213-226.
  10. Mohamed A., et al. “Histopathological studies on Trichodinosis of farmed Oreochromis niloticus”. Journal of Life Science6 (2015): 30-37.
  11. Jia-yun Y., et al. “Isolation of bioactive components from chelidonium majus with activity against trichodina". Journal of Aquaculture 318 (2011): 235-238.
  12. El-Tantawy S and El-Sherbiny H. “Ectoparasitic Trichodinians infecting Catfish (Clarias Garipinus) inhabiting Nile Delta water of the river Nile, Dakahlia province, Egypt”. Journal of Life Science9 (2010): 656-666.
  13. Marshet A. “Parasite species richness of fish from fish ponds and fingerling sources in central Ethiopia: it’s implication on aquaculture development”. Thesis submitted for the award of the title Master of Science (2017): 22.
  14. Gebawo T. “Study on the prevalence and temporal abundance of parasites of fishes in Lake Elan”. Global Journal of Fisheries and Aquaculture7 (2015): 265-269.
  15. Thursfield M. Veterinary epidemiology 3rd edition., black well science UK (2007): 223-234.
  16. Harpreet K., et al. “Myxobolus nanokiensis (Myxoz Bivalvulidae) a new pathogenic myxosporean parasite causing hemorrhagic gill disease in cultured Indian major carp fish, Labeo rohita”. Journal of Parasitic Disease (2013).
  17. Noga EJ. Fish diseases diagnosis and treatment. Text book, Iowa State University Press (2000).
  18. Samia H., et al. “Survey of external protozoa parasites of two fish species of (Oreochromis niloticus and clarias lazera) in khartoum state, Sudan”. International Journal of Research and Reviews in Pharmacy and Applied Science4 (2010): 744-750.
  19. Fayza M., et al. “Studies on Trichodinosis of some cultured fresh water fishes at Sohag Governorate”. Journal of Life Science4 (2013): 1400-1406.
  20. Soliman F., et al. “Studies on Trichodinosis of some cultured freshwater fishes at Sohag Governorate”. Journal of Life Science4 (2013): 1400-1409.
  21. Carla R., et al. “Ectocommensal and ectoparasites in Goldfish (Carassius auratus), Brazil”. Journal Veterinary Parasitology 3 (2015): 283-289.
  22. Tadesse B. “Prevalence and abundance of fish parasites in Bomosa Cage systems, Lake Babogaya and Awassa, Ethopia”. Thesis (M.Sc.): UNESCO-IHE, the Neverlands (2009).
  23. Abdel-Meguid M. “Trichodiniasis as a cause of mortality among infected Tilapia zilli with special emphasis on its control”. Journal of Aquaculture Biology2 (2001): 95-104.
  24. Abo-Esa J. “Study on some ectoparasitic diseases of Catfish, Calarias Garipinus with their control”. Journal of Aquculture 1 (2008): 1-9.
  25. Basson L and Van J. “Trichodiniasis from a Calanoid Copepod and Catfish from South Africa and notes on host specificity”. Journal of Parasitology 18 (1991): 147-158.
  26. Bhatnagar A and Devi P. “Water quality guidelines for the management of pond fish culture”. International Journal of Environmental Sciences 6 (2013): 19-80.
  27. Klinger R and Francis-Floyd R. Introduction to fresh water fish parasites institute of Food and Agricultural Science University of Florida (2000).
  28. Martins M., et al. “Can the parasitic fauna on Nile Tilapias be affected by different production systems?”. Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências2 (2010): 493-500.
  29. Moyes R., et al. “Ectocommensal and ectoparasites in Goldfish (Carassius auratus) in farmed in the State of Sao Paulo”. Journal of Veterinary Parasitology (2015): 285.
  30. Robert M. “Protozoan parasites”. Southern Regional Aquaculture State. 4701 (2003): 1-2.
  31. Roberts H., et al. “Bacterial and parasitic diseases of pet fish”. Journal of Veterinary Clinic3 (2009): 609-638.
  32. Stephen S. “Commercial fish are shellfish technology fact sheet dealing with Trichodina and Trichodina like species” (2009): 2.
  33. Woo P and Buchmann K. “Fish parasites”. Journal of Parasitic Disease1 (2012): 137-143.
×

Citation

Citation: Million Shiferaw Bachere., et al. “A Study on Trichodiniasis in Farmed Nile Tilapia and Gold Fish at Sebeta National Fishery and Other Aquatic Life Research Center, Centeral Ethiopia". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 2.12 (2020): 32-39.




Metrics

Acceptance rate35%
Acceptance to publication20-30 days
Impact Factor0.518

Indexed In





News and Events


  • Certification for Review
    Acta Scientific certifies the Editors/reviewers for their review done towards the assigned articles of the respective journals.
  • Submission Timeline for Upcoming Issue
    The last date for submission of articles for regular Issues is September 30, 2021.
  • Publication Certificate
    Authors will be issued a "Publication Certificate" as a mark of appreciation for publishing their work.
  • Best Article of the Issue
    The Editors will elect one Best Article after each issue release. The authors of this article will be provided with a certificate of “Best Article of the Issue”.
  • Welcoming Article Submission
    Acta Scientific delightfully welcomes active researchers for submission of articles towards the upcoming issue of respective journals.
  • Contact US