Alemu Girmaw Abiy*
Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency Project, Ethiopia
*Corresponding Author: Alemu Girmaw Abiy, Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency Project, Ethiopia.
Received: September 25, 2020; Published: October 27, 2020
A cross sectional study was conducted in Denbecha and Jabi Tehnan Districts of West Gojjam Administrative Zone of Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia to estimate the prevalence of bovine and donkey trypanosomiasis. Blood samples of 162 cattle and 100 donkeys were collected and examined using a Buffy coat technique. The Packed Cell Volume (PCV) value of each animal was also measured using hematocrit reader. The overall prevalence of trypanosomiasis was found to be 1.91%, out of which 3.81% were from Denbecha but no positive cases (0%) was recorded in Jabi Tehnan. Species level prevalence showed that 2.47% and 1% were in bovine and in donkeys, respectively. The only identified species observed in the area was Trypanosoma congolense. The mean PCV values of parasitaemic and aparasitaemic animals during the study period were 21.8% and 31.6%, respectively. The variation in mean PCV values were statistically significant (p = 0.000) between infected and none infected. The study result did not show statistically significant variations in prevalence among selected factors such as between sexes, body condition scores, animal species, Woredas, PAs, age, and coat color of animals. This could be due to low prevalence of trypanosomiasis in the study area, which was only detected in one district. The present study finding may provide valuable information on the presence of the disease in the study area in spite of great effort on the control of disease by Finoteselam tsetse control and eradication center. It may further reveal that trypanosomosis is an important disease affecting the livestock production particularly in Denbecha area.
Keywords: Trypanosome; Bovine; Donkey; Prevalence; Jabi Tehnan; Denbecha; Buffy Coat; PCV
Citation: Alemu Girmaw Abiy. “Study on Prevalence of Bovine and Donkey Trypanosomiasis in Selected Two Districts of West Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia". Acta Scientific Veterinary Sciences 2.11 (2020): 26-32.
Copyright: © 2020 Alemu Girmaw Abiy. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.